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Parshas Ki Tavo | 20-27 Elul, 5778

EREV SHABBOS  AUG 31st 
Shacharis 7 AM
Candles/Mincha/Maariv 7:33 PM

SHABBOS - SAT SEPT 1st 
Shacharis: 9:30 AM /Sof Zman Krias Shema 9:48       AM/
Shabbos Mincha 7:33 PM /Seuda Slishit  /Pirkei Avos Chapter 3&4
Maariv/Havdalah 8:38 PM
SELICHOS 1:08 AM (Sunday Morning)

WEEKDAY SERVICES
Sun Shacharis 9 AM / SHOFAR BLOWING
Mon – Fri Selichos 6:30 AM
Mon - Fri Shacharis 7 AM /Followed by Shofar every weekday during Elul
Mon -Thu Mincha 7:30 PM, followed immediately by Maariv

SHABBOS KIDDUSH AND SEUDA SLISHIT.  
Kiddush Lite. Rabbi Saifo and Frumi Marasow, Gershon Grashin and Moshe Ohayon are sponsoring Meat Chulent, made by Rabbi Mendy Levitin. Seuda Slishit Lite.

MAZEL TOV MAZEL TOV
Mazel Tov to Gilad and Mihal Ehven on the marriageof their daughter Chaya Mushka to Avraham Simcha in Crown Heights!  May they merit to build a bayis ne’eman b’yisroel!

SELICHOS BEGINS MOTZEI SHABBOS SEPT 1st 
Selichos will begin at 1:08 am Motzei Shabbat (Sept 1st), preceeding by a Farbrengen from 11:30 pm.  Selichos during the week will start at 6:30 am, followed by Shacharis at 7 am.

L’DOVID HASHEM ORI 
The psalm L'David Hashem Ori (Psalm 27) is recited at the end of the morning and afternoon prayers. This special addition is recited throughout the month of Elul and the High Holiday season, until Hoshanah Rabbah (Tishrei 21) -- a total of 50 days. 
www.chabad.org/calendar

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
For current status of the North Seattle Eruv, please check the flag on the NE 65thStreet side of CSTL, (green flag means the Eruv is up, red flag the Eruv is down), CSTL eNews, or the Vaad eNews. Visit our web site
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status.

FARBRENGEN ALERT–IN HONOR OF CHAI ELUL - FRIDAY 5 PM
Erev-Shabbos Farbrengen in front of the CSTL Men’s Mikvah. "Chai Elul" (Hebrew for "the 18th of Elul," also meaning "the life of Elul". This year August 28/29) is celebrated by the Chassidic community as the birthday of the "two great luminaries" -- Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Chassidism; and Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, the founder of Chabad. Chassidim wish each other "Gut Yom Tov!" and conduct joyous gatherings called farbrengens.
www.chabad.org/calendar

Esrog/Lulav/Schach Deadline is Tue Sept 4th 
RabbiKavka@gmail.com https://www.seattleesrogim.com

ANI L’DODI V DODI LI  with Rabbi Mendy – 6:15 PM
The Rebbe’s Chasidus Discourse Ani LeDodi VeDodi Li is based on the idea of ‘Elul is the time of “Melech Basadeh” - The King Is In The Field’. Who Initiates the Intensification of this Love Relationship?  For Men and Women. In honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה  

WOMEN’S LEARNING AT CSTL WED 8:00 PM
Contact Shprintze Kavka to arrange to learn what you want to learn.  206-730-2764

TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class the classes  are in honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה.  Velvel and Mushka Rosler are sponsoring  cake and cold brew  coffee

Talmud Class - Mesechet Rosh Hashanah with Rabbi Mendy 
Starting  Third Chapter Be"h  Aug 14th .. Please contact Shuky Meyer at +1-347-761-2134 to be added to the whatsapp group, for updated time and location 

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am - Noon
This program is now volunteer-led. If you are interested in volunteering from time to time, please email 
elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10:30 am – Noon 
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

RABBI EMLEN’S MONDAY NIGHT SICHOS CLASS FOR WOMEN–8 PM. 
All levels of knowledge are welcome! Light refreshments will be served. At the Kavka’s 4002 NE 72nd  Street . For a Refuah Shlaimah for  חיה שרה מלכה בת ברכה לאה חוה     

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM …
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

WEEKLY CLASS FOR WOMEN 
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info,
chanielevitin@gmail.com

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion KitzGabbai Kiddush, 
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS

SBH Dezayuno and Food Festival Sun Sept 2nd 10 am – 4 pm
Enjoy all of your favorite mouth watering Sephardic delicacies along with amazing meat lunch options, including Fatburger and Mexican food. Bouncy houses and entertainment for the kids. At Sephardic Bikur Cholim

Mental Health First Aid: Aug 30, Oct 5, or Nov 28, 8:30 am - 5:30 pm
Free, eight-hour course offered by Jewish Family Service prepares you to interact with an adult in crisis and connect them with help. Three dates available. At JFS, 1601 16th Ave., Seattle.

Emanuel Congregation Gala. Sunday, Aug 26, noon - 4 pm
Emanuel Congregation is celebrating its 50th anniversary with a gala dinner, music, and keynoter Prof. Emeritus Dr. Edward Alexander, speaking on the UW Jewish Studies Program's early days, at Emanuel Congregation, 3412 NE 65th St., Seattle.

 Hike to Margaret Lake Sun Aug 26th 
Join with Island Synagogue AKA Shevat Achim with experienced hiker Lloyd Tucker, who will share the hike and words of Torah with you. Meet at Island Synagogue, 8685 SE 47th St., Mercer Island, 8:15 am, for carpooling, or at trail head, 9:45 am. Hike moderate to difficult, not suitable for very young children. Bring water, snacks, and bug spray.

Mercaz Visits West Seattle Bee Garden Mon Sept 3rd 11am-1pm
High Point Commons Pea Patch, 3108 SW Graham St, Seattle. Bring a lunch picnic and your BEEautiful selves. We will sings songs, read a story or two, roll some beeswax candles and have a tour of the West Seattle Bee Garden. There is a playground and field to play in as well. $3 a person, $10 for a family of four or more.  

BASARFEST 2018. MON SEPT 3rd 5 pm
Eat.  Meat. Annual BBQ & Cook Off. Featuring Award Winning BBQ Pit Master & Food Blogger, Daniel Peikes. Register at 
www.bcmhseattle.org

ELUL IS HERE – HAVE MEZUZOT AND TEFILIN CHECKED!
Rabbi Benzaquen 206-200-6829

SEPHARDIC RELIGIOUS SCHOOL
Register now for 2018-2019 Sephardic Hebrew Religious School at the SJCC in Mercer Island!  Sephardic Religious School 1st day begins on Sunday, September 2, 2018 at 9:45 A.M at the J.C.C. [Grades K - 8]

VOICES FOR HUMANITY LUNCHEON - THU. OCT 4 NOON- 1 PM
Join us for the annual Voices for Humanity Luncheon at the Downtown Seattle Sheraton Hotel. The Holocaust Center for Humanity provides vital resources and programs to schools and communities. A minimum $180 donation per guest is requested. Register at 
https://holocaustcenterseattle.org/voices-for-humanity-registration/view/form   

SEPHARDIC DAY AT THE J - SUN. OCT 21 11am-2pm
Celebrate our Sephardic heritage at the SJCC. Featuring a Kosher Sephardic lunch from Leah's, Jaffa Road in concert, Ladino games and prizes, art projects for the kids, Marketplace and more. Register at 
www.sjcc.org


REBBE’S SICHO FOR KI TAVO
https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2507741/jewish/The-Night-Following-the-18th-of-Elul-5751-1991.htm © SichosInEnglish.org

1. There are many interpretations of the name Chai Elul. The most fundamental interpretation is that this day infuses chayos — “life-energy” into all the dimensions of Elul. Since Elul is the month of stocktaking for the entire year and the month of preparation for the coming year, it must be filled with the service of G‑d in the three pillars on which the world1 stands — Torah, prayer, and deeds of kindness. Chai Elul must introduce additional energy in all these services.

Frequently, however, when we speak to people in spiritual terms, there are some who know what to do and others who become confused and waste time on matters which are not worthy of any attention at all.

One of the ways to overcome this difficulty is to associate spiritual concepts with material things, for all people relate equally in this sphere. In regard to spiritual matters, this is dependent on a person’s feelings and his understanding and in this sphere, there are differences between individuals. In contrast, in regard to deed, the totality of the Jewish people are required to observe all 248 positive mitzvos and all 365 negative mitzvos every day.

(Thinking is also required to perform a deed. Nevertheless, in this instance, one’s thoughts are goal-directed and therefore, can be focused easily. Thus in regard to the month of Elul, it is easy to find direct expressions for the increase of life-energy mentioned previously.)

In Elul, it is customary to increase one’s prayers. Indeed, in this month, even Torah scholars take time from their studies and devote it to prayer. This increase should be associated with the portion of Tehillim recited daily and also the three additional chapters which are added in the month of Elul. Similarly, there are other special prayers which are recited at this time. Therefore, there is no need to search for how one should make an increase in connection with Chai Elul; the area of activity is clearly outlined.

Similarly, in regard to Torah study, there are matters that are of present concern, laws that are relevant to Elul, to Rosh HaShanah, and to the days that follow. Furthermore, we are within thirty days of the holiday of Sukkos, when it is mandatory to study the laws pertaining to that holiday.

Likewise, in regard to deeds of kindness — in order to clarify where our focus should lie: The primary concern is to provide our fellow Jews with their holiday needs. Thus in regard to Rosh HaShanah, it is written “And send portions to those who do not have prepared, for the day is holy unto our L‑rd.” And we are assured, whoever increases will receive increased blessings.2

Thus we have clear and particular directives in regard to all three areas of Torah study, prayer, and deeds of kindness. Particularly, in regard to deeds of kindness, we will conclude this gathering by making everyone an agent to distribute tzedakah. A second dollar will be added in connection with Chai Elul.

As mentioned, whoever increases will receive increased blessings in all of his concerns, including a kesivah vachasimah tovah for a good and sweet year. Also he will be given the potential to increase life-energy in all the service of Elul and to do so immediately.

As mentioned previously, the name Elul also serves as an acronym for a verse associated with the redemption. “Tzedakah brings the Redemption near.” Similarly studying the laws of the Redemption in the Rambam’s Mishneh Torah and concentrating on the blessing of the Redemption in Shemoneh Esreh precipitate its coming.

By increasing our Torah study, prayer, and deeds of kindness, we increase the kesivah vachasimah tovah for a good and sweet year which we all will receive together with the entire Jewish people. L’Shanah tovah tikosaiv v’tichasaim — May you be written down and inscribed for a good year.

Parshas Ki Teitzei | 13-20 Elul, 5778

EREV SHABBOS  AUG 24th  
Shacharis 7 AM
Candles/Mincha/Maariv 7:46 PM

SHABBOS - SAT AUG 25th 
Shacharis: 9:30 AM /Sof Zman Krias Shema 9:44       AM/
Shabbos Mincha 7:46 PM /Seuda Slishit  /Pirkei Avos Chapter 1&2
Maariv/Havdalah 8:48 PM

WEEKDAY SERVICES
Sun Shacharis 9 AM / SHOFAR BLOWING
Mon - Fri Shacharis 7 AM /Followed by Shofar every weekday during Elul
Mon -Thu Mincha 7:46 PM, followed immediately by Maariv

SHABBOS KIDDUSH AND SEUDA SLISHIT.  
Gala Kiddush Sium on Rambam with Rabbi Levitin, celebrating the completion of the 37th Global Cycle  Sponsored by Chabad of the Washington State.  Seuda Slishit Lite.

MAZEL TOV MAZEL TOV
Mazel Tov to Gilad and Mihal Ehven on the upcoming wedding of their daughter Chaya Mushka to Avraham Simcha in Crown Heights!  May they merit to build a bayis ne’eman b’yisroel!

SHUL FUNDRAISER
Thank you to all who contributed to the successful shul fund raiser this week!  Donors, Matchers, and all those who made it happen.  Yasher Koach to Rabbi Herbstman!

SELICHOS BEGINS MOTZEI SHABBOS NEXT WEEK SEPT 1st 
Selichos will begin at 1:10 am next Saturday night (Sept 1st), preceeding by a Farbrengen from 11:30 pm.  Selichos during the week will start at 6:30 am, followed by Shachris at 7 am.

L’DOVID HASHEM ORI 
The psalm L'David Hashem Ori (Psalm 27) is recited at the end of the morning and afternoon prayers. This special addition is recited throughout the month of Elul and the High Holiday season, until Hoshanah Rabbah (Tishrei 21) -- a total of 50 days. 
www.chabad.org/calendar

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
For current status of the North Seattle Eruv, please check the flag on the NE 65thStreet side of CSTL, (green flag means the Eruv is up, red flag the Eruv is down), CSTL eNews, or the Vaad eNews. Visit our web site
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status.

FARBRENGEN ALERT–IN HONOR OF CHAI ELUL - FRIDAY 5 PM
Erev-Shabbos Farbrengen in front of the CSTL Men’s Mikvah. "Chai Elul" (Hebrew for "the 18th of Elul," also meaning "the life of Elul". This year August 28/29) is celebrated by the Chassidic community as the birthday of the "two great luminaries" -- Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Chassidism; and Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, the founder of Chabad. Chassidim wish each other "Gut Yom Tov!" and conduct joyous gatherings called farbrengens.
www.chabad.org/calendar

Esrog/Lulav/Schach Deadline is Tue Sept 4th 
RabbiKavka@gmail.com

ANI L’DODI V DODI LI  with Rabbi Mendy – 6:30 PM
The Rebbe’s Chasidus Discourse Ani LeDodi VeDodi Li is based on the idea of ‘Elul is the time of “Melech Basadeh” - The King Is In The Field’. Who Initiates the Intensification of this Love Relationship?  For Men and Women. In honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה  

WOMEN’S LEARNING AT CSTL WED 8:00 PM
Contact Shprintze Kavka to arrange to learn what you want to learn.  206-730-2764

TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class the classes  are in honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה.  Velvel and Mushka Rosler are sponsoring  cake and cold brew  coffee

Talmud Class - Mesechet Rosh Hashanah with Rabbi Mendy 
Starting  Third Chapter Be"h  Aug 14th .. Please contact Shuky Meyer at +1-347-761-2134 to be added to the whatsapp group, for updated time and location 

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am - Noon
This program is now volunteer-led. If you are interested in volunteering from time to time, please email 
elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10:30 am – Noon 
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

RABBI EMLEN’S MONDAY NIGHT SICHOS CLASS FOR WOMEN–8 PM. 
All levels of knowledge are welcome! Light refreshments will be served. At the Kavka’s 4002 NE 72nd  Street . For a Refuah Shlaimah for  חיה שרה מלכה בת ברכה לאה חוה     

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM …
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

WEEKLY CLASS FOR WOMEN 
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info,
chanielevitin@gmail.com

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion KitzGabbai Kiddush, 
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS

Mental Health First Aid: Aug 30, Oct 5, or Nov 28, 8:30 am - 5:30 pm
Free, eight-hour course offered by Jewish Family Service prepares you to interact with an adult in crisis and connect them with help. Three dates available. At JFS, 1601 16th Ave., Seattle.

Emanuel Congregation Gala. Sunday, Aug 26, noon - 4 pm
Emanuel Congregation is celebrating its 50th anniversary with a gala dinner, music, and keynoter Prof. Emeritus Dr. Edward Alexander, speaking on the UW Jewish Studies Program's early days, at Emanuel Congregation, 3412 NE 65th St., Seattle.

Hike to Margaret Lake Sun Aug 26th 
Join with Island Synagogue AKA Shevat Achim with experienced hiker Lloyd Tucker, who will share the hike and words of Torah with you. Meet at Island Synagogue, 8685 SE 47th St., Mercer Island, 8:15 am, for carpooling, or at trail head, 9:45 am. Hike moderate to difficult, not suitable for very young children. Bring water, snacks, and bug spray.

President Roosevelt and the Holocaust Sun Aug 26th 11 am
A revealing lecture by historian Laurence Stern offers a new perspective on President Franklin Roosevelt's views, war strategy, and State Department cloak-and-dagger actions and inactions. Ticket sales benefit the Holocaust Center for Humanity., Big Picture Theater, 2505 1st Ave., Seattle.

Mercaz Visits West Seattle Bee Garden Mon Sept 3rd 11am-1pm
High Point Commons Pea Patch, 3108 SW Graham St, Seattle. Bring a lunch picnic and your BEEautiful selves. We will sings songs, read a story or two, roll some beeswax candles and have a tour of the West Seattle Bee Garden. There is a playground and field to play in as well. $3 a person, $10 for a family of four or more.  

SBH Dezayuno and Food Festival Sun Sept 2nd 10 am – 4 pm
Enjoy all of your favorite mouth watering Sephardic delicacies along with amazing meat lunch options, including Fatburger and Mexican food. Bouncy houses and entertainment for the kids. At Sephardic Bikur Cholim

BASARFEST 2018. MON SEPT 3rd 5 pm
Eat.  Meat. Annual BBQ & Cook Off. Featuring Award Winning BBQ Pit Master & Food Blogger, Daniel Peikes. Register at 
www.bcmhseattle.org

ELUL IS HERE – HAVE MEZUZOT AND TEFILIN CHECKED!
Rabbi Benzaquen 206-200-6829

SEPHARDIC RELIGIOUS SCHOOL
Register now for 2018-2019 Sephardic Hebrew Religious School at the SJCC in Mercer Island!  Sephardic Religious School 1st day begins on Sunday, September 2, 2018 at 9:45 A.M at the J.C.C. [Grades K - 8]


REBBE’S SICHO FOR KI TEITSEI
https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2507736/jewish/Eve-of-the-13th-of-Elul-5751-1991.htm © SichosInEnglish.org

1. It is always customary to begin with a matter related to the present time. This is particularly appropriate when doing so also fulfills the directive, “Begin with blessing.”

Within the concept of blessing itself, there are many levels, nevertheless, all of these blessings — even the hundred1 blessings which we are required to recite each day — have limitations.

Even the Priestly Blessing which has an unlimited dimension, for it is connected with G‑d’s promise, “And I will bless them,” is still limited for it is dependent on the service of the Priests which is limited in nature.2

In contrast, the blessings associated with a wedding celebration — and tonight is the anniversary of the wedding of the Previous Rebbe — are above all concept of limitation. Even though we see that in actual fact, there are limits even to such a celebration, they are in essence unlimited. For we associate these weddings with the era when “Speedily, there will be heard in the cities of Judah and the outskirts of Jerusalem... the voice of a groom and the voice of a bride,” the celebration of the Redemption and the rejoicing of that era will surely be above all limitations.

2. There is also a connection to this week’s Torah reading which begins “If you go out to war.” By beginning with the word “if,” which implies merely a possibility, but not an inevitable event, the Torah points out that war is alien to a Jew’s nature. In essence, a Jew has no connection to war, for he should be granted G‑dly blessings in a manner of peace and happiness, and indeed, unbounded happiness, from G‑d’s “full, open, holy, and generous hand.”

Although the phrase describes G‑d’s hand with four adjectives, since the subject is G‑d’s hand, the influence granted is unlimited. Why are these four adjectives necessary? Because our world is limited in nature and G‑d’s influence must therefore be drawn down within the limitations of our world which is structured according to a set of four spiritual potentials.

Similarly, mankind is structured according to this set of four potentials, for each person is a microcosm of the world at large.3 This is reflected in a Jew’s wearing tzitzis which shows how he includes all four corners4 of the world within him.5

[This is of present relevance, as reflected in the ingathering of the exiles from the four corners of the earth. Now is a time when we must study this subject as it is explained in Nigleh (the revealed aspect of Torah) and Pnimiyus HaTorah (Torah’s mystic realm).]

A Jew is essentially above all limits, even the limits of four, for in essence, his existence is one with G‑d’s. Therefore, entering these limits involves a departure (“If you go out...”) and also in a figurative sense, an aspect of war.

And when making such a departure, a Jew must — as the Torah reading continues — “take captives,” i..e., transform aspects of the worldly environment which he enters. And this will reveal how he is — as the reading continues, “the first of his strength. To him, belong the rights of the firstborn.”6 Through the descent into the frame of limitation, ultimately, a Jew will rise above all limits and confines.

The above will be enhanced by connecting it with the distribution of money for tzedakah,for tzedakah — like the fusion of finiteness and infinity — involves a combination of opposites. Tzedakah must be given by a person who has means, a mashpia, to a person who lacks means, a mekabel. Indeed even if a person possesses a minimal financial base (two hundred zuz), he should not receive tzedakah and instead should give to others.

(This will also continue in the Era of the Redemption. The Torah states, “the poor will not depart from the land,” and thus even in this Era, we will give tzedakah. It is only in the second period of the Era of the Redemption that we will witness fulfillment of the prophecy, “And there will be no poor among you.”)

The relationship between a mashpia and a mekabel also relates to the concept of a bride and groom mentioned above. The bride is a recipient. Therefore, she is not “to eat from property which belongs to her,” i.e., her needs are to be provided by the groom.

This is also mirrored in the wedding relationship between G‑d and the Jewish people. For every Jew is “the bride of G‑d,” as it were. The giving of the Torah represented the betrothal and the consummation of this wedding bond, will be in the Era of Redemption. Then oneness7 will be established among all entities.

May this be realized in the immediate future. Although a Jew is found in exile, he hates the exile, and indeed, hates it with a deep-seated hatred. What is the source of this hatred? Because in exile (golah in Hebrew), the manifestation of G‑d (the Alef) is lacking.

A Jew is constantly involved in the effort to transform exile into redemption. For G‑d also hates the exile, since He knows that in the exile the Jews are lacking — and indeed, He understands their lack better than the Jews themselves. Even though a Jew has been informed of the ultimate state that will occur after the exile, since he lives within the confines of a physical body and is limited within the confines of this world, he cannot understand these concepts fully. Nevertheless, since a Jew knows that G‑d hates the exile, he also hates the exile.

May we transcend all limitations and proceed to the Redemption immediately. And this will be enhanced by our presence in a house where good deeds are performed, prayers are recited, and Torah is studied. And from this house, we will proceed to the ultimate house the Beis HaMikdash, where we will stand on the roof and announce — “Humble ones, the time for your Redemption has come.”8

To emphasize the connection to the Previous Rebbe’s wedding, it is proper that the marriages which are being held at the present time should be held with increased celebrations. And these celebrations should be coupled with charity, by making a special “feast for the poor,” as is customary. And this day, the thirteenth of Elul,9 should serve to inspire greater wedding celebrations.

May all of the above concepts be actualized in deed. And may they lead to the ultimate deed, the coming of the Future Redemption. May it take place in the immediate future.

Parshas Ki Teitzei | 13-20 Elul, 5778

EREV SHABBOS  AUG 24th  
Shacharis 7 AM
Candles/Mincha/Maariv 7:46 PM

SHABBOS - SAT AUG 25th 
Shacharis: 9:30 AM /Sof Zman Krias Shema 9:44       AM/
Shabbos Mincha 7:46 PM /Seuda Slishit  /Pirkei Avos Chapter 1&2
Maariv/Havdalah 8:48 PM

WEEKDAY SERVICES
Sun Shacharis 9 AM / SHOFAR BLOWING
Mon - Fri Shacharis 7 AM /Followed by Shofar every weekday during Elul
Mon -Thu Mincha 7:46 PM, followed immediately by Maariv

SHABBOS KIDDUSH AND SEUDA SLISHIT.  
Gala Kiddush Sium on Rambam with Rabbi Levitin, celebrating the completion of the 37th Global Cycle  Sponsored by Chabad of the Washington State.  Seuda Slishit Lite.

MAZEL TOV MAZEL TOV
Mazel Tov to Gilad and Mihal Ehven on the upcoming wedding of their daughter Chaya Mushka to Avraham Simcha in Crown Heights!  May they merit to build a bayis ne’eman b’yisroel!

SHUL FUNDRAISER
Thank you to all who contributed to the successful shul fund raiser this week!  Donors, Matchers, and all those who made it happen.  Yasher Koach to Rabbi Herbstman!

SELICHOS BEGINS MOTZEI SHABBOS NEXT WEEK SEPT 1st 
Selichos will begin at 1:10 am next Saturday night (Sept 1st), preceeding by a Farbrengen from 11:30 pm.  Selichos during the week will start at 6:30 am, followed by Shachris at 7 am.

L’DOVID HASHEM ORI 
The psalm L'David Hashem Ori (Psalm 27) is recited at the end of the morning and afternoon prayers. This special addition is recited throughout the month of Elul and the High Holiday season, until Hoshanah Rabbah (Tishrei 21) -- a total of 50 days. 
www.chabad.org/calendar

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
For current status of the North Seattle Eruv, please check the flag on the NE 65thStreet side of CSTL, (green flag means the Eruv is up, red flag the Eruv is down), CSTL eNews, or the Vaad eNews. Visit our web site
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status.

FARBRENGEN ALERT–IN HONOR OF CHAI ELUL - FRIDAY 5 PM
Erev-Shabbos Farbrengen in front of the CSTL Men’s Mikvah. "Chai Elul" (Hebrew for "the 18th of Elul," also meaning "the life of Elul". This year August 28/29) is celebrated by the Chassidic community as the birthday of the "two great luminaries" -- Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Chassidism; and Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi, the founder of Chabad. Chassidim wish each other "Gut Yom Tov!" and conduct joyous gatherings called farbrengens.
www.chabad.org/calendar

Esrog/Lulav/Schach Deadline is Tue Sept 4th 
RabbiKavka@gmail.com

ANI L’DODI V DODI LI  with Rabbi Mendy – 6:30 PM
The Rebbe’s Chasidus Discourse Ani LeDodi VeDodi Li is based on the idea of ‘Elul is the time of “Melech Basadeh” - The King Is In The Field’. Who Initiates the Intensification of this Love Relationship?  For Men and Women. In honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה  

WOMEN’S LEARNING AT CSTL WED 8:00 PM
Contact Shprintze Kavka to arrange to learn what you want to learn.  206-730-2764

TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class the classes  are in honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה.  Velvel and Mushka Rosler are sponsoring  cake and cold brew  coffee

Talmud Class - Mesechet Rosh Hashanah with Rabbi Mendy 
Starting  Third Chapter Be"h  Aug 14th .. Please contact Shuky Meyer at +1-347-761-2134 to be added to the whatsapp group, for updated time and location 

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am - Noon
This program is now volunteer-led. If you are interested in volunteering from time to time, please email 
elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10:30 am – Noon 
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

RABBI EMLEN’S MONDAY NIGHT SICHOS CLASS FOR WOMEN–8 PM. 
All levels of knowledge are welcome! Light refreshments will be served. At the Kavka’s 4002 NE 72nd  Street . For a Refuah Shlaimah for  חיה שרה מלכה בת ברכה לאה חוה     

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM …
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

WEEKLY CLASS FOR WOMEN 
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info,
chanielevitin@gmail.com

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion KitzGabbai Kiddush, 
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS

Mental Health First Aid: Aug 30, Oct 5, or Nov 28, 8:30 am - 5:30 pm
Free, eight-hour course offered by Jewish Family Service prepares you to interact with an adult in crisis and connect them with help. Three dates available. At JFS, 1601 16th Ave., Seattle.

Emanuel Congregation Gala. Sunday, Aug 26, noon - 4 pm
Emanuel Congregation is celebrating its 50th anniversary with a gala dinner, music, and keynoter Prof. Emeritus Dr. Edward Alexander, speaking on the UW Jewish Studies Program's early days, at Emanuel Congregation, 3412 NE 65th St., Seattle.

Hike to Margaret Lake Sun Aug 26th 
Join with Island Synagogue AKA Shevat Achim with experienced hiker Lloyd Tucker, who will share the hike and words of Torah with you. Meet at Island Synagogue, 8685 SE 47th St., Mercer Island, 8:15 am, for carpooling, or at trail head, 9:45 am. Hike moderate to difficult, not suitable for very young children. Bring water, snacks, and bug spray.

President Roosevelt and the Holocaust Sun Aug 26th 11 am
A revealing lecture by historian Laurence Stern offers a new perspective on President Franklin Roosevelt's views, war strategy, and State Department cloak-and-dagger actions and inactions. Ticket sales benefit the Holocaust Center for Humanity., Big Picture Theater, 2505 1st Ave., Seattle.

Mercaz Visits West Seattle Bee Garden Mon Sept 3rd 11am-1pm
High Point Commons Pea Patch, 3108 SW Graham St, Seattle. Bring a lunch picnic and your BEEautiful selves. We will sings songs, read a story or two, roll some beeswax candles and have a tour of the West Seattle Bee Garden. There is a playground and field to play in as well. $3 a person, $10 for a family of four or more.  

SBH Dezayuno and Food Festival Sun Sept 2nd 10 am – 4 pm
Enjoy all of your favorite mouth watering Sephardic delicacies along with amazing meat lunch options, including Fatburger and Mexican food. Bouncy houses and entertainment for the kids. At Sephardic Bikur Cholim

BASARFEST 2018. MON SEPT 3rd 5 pm
Eat.  Meat. Annual BBQ & Cook Off. Featuring Award Winning BBQ Pit Master & Food Blogger, Daniel Peikes. Register at 
www.bcmhseattle.org

ELUL IS HERE – HAVE MEZUZOT AND TEFILIN CHECKED!
Rabbi Benzaquen 206-200-6829

SEPHARDIC RELIGIOUS SCHOOL
Register now for 2018-2019 Sephardic Hebrew Religious School at the SJCC in Mercer Island!  Sephardic Religious School 1st day begins on Sunday, September 2, 2018 at 9:45 A.M at the J.C.C. [Grades K - 8]


REBBE’S SICHO FOR KI TEITSEI
https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2507736/jewish/Eve-of-the-13th-of-Elul-5751-1991.htm © SichosInEnglish.org

1. It is always customary to begin with a matter related to the present time. This is particularly appropriate when doing so also fulfills the directive, “Begin with blessing.”

Within the concept of blessing itself, there are many levels, nevertheless, all of these blessings — even the hundred1 blessings which we are required to recite each day — have limitations.

Even the Priestly Blessing which has an unlimited dimension, for it is connected with G‑d’s promise, “And I will bless them,” is still limited for it is dependent on the service of the Priests which is limited in nature.2

In contrast, the blessings associated with a wedding celebration — and tonight is the anniversary of the wedding of the Previous Rebbe — are above all concept of limitation. Even though we see that in actual fact, there are limits even to such a celebration, they are in essence unlimited. For we associate these weddings with the era when “Speedily, there will be heard in the cities of Judah and the outskirts of Jerusalem... the voice of a groom and the voice of a bride,” the celebration of the Redemption and the rejoicing of that era will surely be above all limitations.

2. There is also a connection to this week’s Torah reading which begins “If you go out to war.” By beginning with the word “if,” which implies merely a possibility, but not an inevitable event, the Torah points out that war is alien to a Jew’s nature. In essence, a Jew has no connection to war, for he should be granted G‑dly blessings in a manner of peace and happiness, and indeed, unbounded happiness, from G‑d’s “full, open, holy, and generous hand.”

Although the phrase describes G‑d’s hand with four adjectives, since the subject is G‑d’s hand, the influence granted is unlimited. Why are these four adjectives necessary? Because our world is limited in nature and G‑d’s influence must therefore be drawn down within the limitations of our world which is structured according to a set of four spiritual potentials.

Similarly, mankind is structured according to this set of four potentials, for each person is a microcosm of the world at large.3 This is reflected in a Jew’s wearing tzitzis which shows how he includes all four corners4 of the world within him.5

[This is of present relevance, as reflected in the ingathering of the exiles from the four corners of the earth. Now is a time when we must study this subject as it is explained in Nigleh (the revealed aspect of Torah) and Pnimiyus HaTorah (Torah’s mystic realm).]

A Jew is essentially above all limits, even the limits of four, for in essence, his existence is one with G‑d’s. Therefore, entering these limits involves a departure (“If you go out...”) and also in a figurative sense, an aspect of war.

And when making such a departure, a Jew must — as the Torah reading continues — “take captives,” i..e., transform aspects of the worldly environment which he enters. And this will reveal how he is — as the reading continues, “the first of his strength. To him, belong the rights of the firstborn.”6 Through the descent into the frame of limitation, ultimately, a Jew will rise above all limits and confines.

The above will be enhanced by connecting it with the distribution of money for tzedakah,for tzedakah — like the fusion of finiteness and infinity — involves a combination of opposites. Tzedakah must be given by a person who has means, a mashpia, to a person who lacks means, a mekabel. Indeed even if a person possesses a minimal financial base (two hundred zuz), he should not receive tzedakah and instead should give to others.

(This will also continue in the Era of the Redemption. The Torah states, “the poor will not depart from the land,” and thus even in this Era, we will give tzedakah. It is only in the second period of the Era of the Redemption that we will witness fulfillment of the prophecy, “And there will be no poor among you.”)

The relationship between a mashpia and a mekabel also relates to the concept of a bride and groom mentioned above. The bride is a recipient. Therefore, she is not “to eat from property which belongs to her,” i.e., her needs are to be provided by the groom.

This is also mirrored in the wedding relationship between G‑d and the Jewish people. For every Jew is “the bride of G‑d,” as it were. The giving of the Torah represented the betrothal and the consummation of this wedding bond, will be in the Era of Redemption. Then oneness7 will be established among all entities.

May this be realized in the immediate future. Although a Jew is found in exile, he hates the exile, and indeed, hates it with a deep-seated hatred. What is the source of this hatred? Because in exile (golah in Hebrew), the manifestation of G‑d (the Alef) is lacking.

A Jew is constantly involved in the effort to transform exile into redemption. For G‑d also hates the exile, since He knows that in the exile the Jews are lacking — and indeed, He understands their lack better than the Jews themselves. Even though a Jew has been informed of the ultimate state that will occur after the exile, since he lives within the confines of a physical body and is limited within the confines of this world, he cannot understand these concepts fully. Nevertheless, since a Jew knows that G‑d hates the exile, he also hates the exile.

May we transcend all limitations and proceed to the Redemption immediately. And this will be enhanced by our presence in a house where good deeds are performed, prayers are recited, and Torah is studied. And from this house, we will proceed to the ultimate house the Beis HaMikdash, where we will stand on the roof and announce — “Humble ones, the time for your Redemption has come.”8

To emphasize the connection to the Previous Rebbe’s wedding, it is proper that the marriages which are being held at the present time should be held with increased celebrations. And these celebrations should be coupled with charity, by making a special “feast for the poor,” as is customary. And this day, the thirteenth of Elul,9 should serve to inspire greater wedding celebrations.

May all of the above concepts be actualized in deed. And may they lead to the ultimate deed, the coming of the Future Redemption. May it take place in the immediate future.

Parshas Shoftim | 6 -13 Elul, 5778

EREV SHABBOS  AUG 17th  
Shacharis 7 AM
Candles/Mincha/Maariv 7:59 PM

SHABBOS - SAT AUG 18th 
Shacharis: 9:30 AM /Sof Zman Krias Shema 9:40 AM/
Shabbos Mincha 8:00 PM /Seuda Slishit  /Pirkei Avos Chapter 6
Maariv/Havdalah 9:02 PM

WEEKDAY SERVICES
Sun Shacharis 9 AM / SHOFAR BLOWING
Mon - Fri Shacharis 7 AM /Followed by Shofar every weekday during Elul
Mon -Thu Mincha 8:00 PM, followed immediately by Maariv

SHABBOS KIDDUSH AND SEUDA SLISHIT.  
Kiddush lite, Meat cholent is sponsored by Ploni Almoni, and made by our own Rabbit Mendy. Seuda Slishit Lite.

L’DOVID HASHEM ORI 
The psalm L'David Hashem Ori (Psalm 27) is recited at the end of the morning and afternoon prayers. This special addition is recited throughout the month of Elul and the High Holiday season, until Hoshanah Rabbah (Tishrei 21) -- a total of 50 days. 
www.chabad.org/calendar

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -UP
For current status of the North Seattle Eruv, please check the flag on the NE 65th Street side of CSTL, (green flag means the Eruv is up, red flag the Eruv is down), CSTL eNews, or the Vaad eNews. Visit our web site 
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status.

FARBRENGEN ALERT–IN HONOR OF VOV ELUL - FRIDAY 5 PM
Vov Elul is the yahrzeit of Rabbi Gershon Shaul Yom-Tov Lipmann ben Nathan ha-Levi Heller (c. 1579 in Wallerstein, Bavaria – 19 August 1654 in Kraków), author of a commentary on the Mishnah called the Tosefet Yom-Tov (1614–1617). Heller was one of the major Talmudic scholars in Prague and in Poland during the "Golden Age" before 1648. Erev-Shabbos Farbrengen in front of the CSTL Men’s Mikvah

Esrog/Lulav/Schach Deadline is Tue Sept 4th 
RabbiKavka@gmail.com

ANI L’DODI V DODI LI  with Rabbi Mendy – 7:00 PM
The Rebbe’s Chasidus Discourse Ani LeDodi VeDodi Li is based on the idea of ‘Elul is the time of “Melech Basadeh” - The King Is In The Field’. Who Initiates the Intensification of this Love Relationship?  For Men and Women. In honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה  

WOMEN’S LEARNING AT CSTL WED 8:00 PM
Contact Shprintze Kavka to arrange to learn what you want to learn.  206-730-2764

TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class the classes  are in honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה.  Velvel and Mushka Rosler are sponsoring  cake and cold brew  coffee

Talmud Class - Mesechet Rosh Hashanah with Rabbi Mendy 
Starting  Third Chapter Be"h  Aug 14th .. Please contact Shuky Meyer at +1-347-761-2134 to be added to the whatsapp group, for updated time and location 

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am - Noon
This program is now volunteer-led. If you are interested in volunteering from time to time, please email 
elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10:30 am – Noon 
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

IMPORTANT MEDICAL SEMINAR WITH DR TRACHTMAN – THU AUG 23rd 8 PM
Please join us for this very important and informative seminar about a widespread and serious medical condition that effects the Jewish community.  At CSTL, sponsored by the CSTL Education Committee. Vernon M Neppe MD, PhD, FRSSAf  
psyche@pni.org

RABBI EMLEN’S MONDAY NIGHT SICHOS CLASS FOR WOMEN–8 PM. 
All levels of knowledge are welcome! Light refreshments will be served. At the Kavka’s 4002 NE 72nd  Street . For a Refuah Shlaimah for  חיה שרה מלכה בת ברכה לאה חוה     

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM …
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

Weekly History Class for Women with Chanie Levitin Tue 7:30 pm 
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info, 
chanielevitin@gmail.com

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion Kitz Gabbai Kiddush,
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS

Mercaz Visits West Seattle Bee Garden Mon Sept 3rd 11am-1pm
High Point Commons Pea Patch, 3108 SW Graham St, Seattle. Bring a lunch picnic and your BEEautiful selves. We will sings songs, read a story or two, roll some beeswax candles and have a tour of the West Seattle Bee Garden. There is a playground and field to play in as well. $3 a person, $10 for a family of four or more.  

Rabbi Eli J. Mansour at Sephardic Bikur Cholim – Aug 20th at 7 PM
Please join us for Elul inspiration!

SBH Dezayuno and Food Festival Sun Sept 2nd 10 am – 4 pm
Enjoy all of your favorite mouth watering Sephardic delicacies along with amazing meat lunch options, including Fatburger and Mexican food. Bouncy houses and entertainment for the kids. At Sephardic Bikur Cholim

BASARFEST 2018. MON SEPT 3rd 5 pm
Eat.  Meat. Annual BBQ & Cook Off. Featuring Award Winning BBQ Pit Master & Food Blogger, Daniel Peikes. Register at 
www.bcmhseattle.org

ELUL IS HERE – HAVE MEZUZOT AND TEFILIN CHECKED!
Rabbi Benzaquen 206-200-6829

SEPHARDIC RELIGIOUS SCHOOL
Register now for 2018-2019 Sephardic Hebrew Religious School at the SJCC in Mercer Island!  Sephardic Religious School 1st day begins on Sunday, September 2, 2018 at 9:45 A.M at the J.C.C. [Grades K - 8]


REBBE’S SICHO FOR SHOFTIM
https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2507734/jewish/Shabbos-Parshas-Shoftim-7th-Day-of-Elul-5751-1991.htm © SichosInEnglish.org

1. We find a parallel to the commandment in this week’s Torah reading, “You shall appoint judges and officers in all your gates,” in the promise of Yeshayahu, the prophet of the Redemption, “And I will return your judges as in former times, and your advisers as at the beginning.” This mode of expression is also used in the weekday prayers “Return our judges as in former times, and our advisers as at the beginning.”

According to what has been mentioned many times, and especially recently — regarding the proclamation of the previous Rebbe “Immediately to repentance (and thereby automatically) immediately to redemption”: Everything necessary for the redemption has been completed, including “polishing the buttons”; so that all that is now needed is that “all should stand ready” — and that this has also been done — to receive Mashiachimmediately. Thus it is understood that we have already reached the time for the fulfillment of the promise “And I will return your judges... and your advisers,” and even more so “as at the beginning.” This has already begun, as will be explained.

In order to understand this, it is necessary to understand some differences in the language of the promise made by Yeshayahu and the commandment mentioned in our Torah portion:

a) In the commandment in our portion, the words “judges and officers” are used, whereas in the promise, only the words “Your judges” appears, and “officers” is not mentioned. However, the words “and your advisers” is added. b) What is the import of these two categories “judges” and “advisers”? c) Why is the term “as in former times,” used in connection with “judges”, and “as at the beginning” used connection with “advisers”? d) Why the use of the second person, “your” judges, “your” advisers as against the simple term “judges and advisers”?

These questions can be resolved as follows:

The difference between “judges” and “officers” is explained by Rashi to mean: Judges decide the law; and the officers of the court administer the decisions. If necessary, they strike and bind with a rod or lash until a defendant takes upon himself the decision of the judge.

According to this explanation, it is understandable why only “your judges” are mentioned in connection with the promise of redemption, and not “officers.” In the future the existence of evil at large, and the evil inclination within man, will be abolished. There will be no necessity for officers to compel the people to accept the rulings of the judges; everyone will do so of his own free will. It will only be necessary to have “judges” who will decide the law, teach Torah, and give instructions on the teachings of the Torah and its commandments to the Jews.

This idea is also hinted at in the name of the Torah portion, Shoftim (without the word shotrim, “officers”), for an entity’s name expresses its inner content.

The question, however arises: How does the name of the Torah portion, Shoftim, fit in with the commandments whose content apparently also includes “officers”? The Midrash goes further and says that if there is no officer of the court, then there is no judge. For when a court rules that a debtor has to pay his debt, if there is no officer to enforce the court’s ruling, the judge has no power to enforce his ruling.

To resolve this, we must say that the object of having officers is not an independent purpose, but only to help the judges. If a judge cannot enforce his ruling, the officers, who have the “rod and the lash” are there to force a recalcitrant debtor to accept the ruling of the judge. Hence, the Torah portion is called only Shoftim. And for this same reason, the appointment of officers is not counted as an individual mitzvah in the reckoning of 613 mitzvos, but is included as part of the mitzvah to appoint judges — namely, because the purpose of having officers is only part of the duties of judges. It is not, however, an absolute necessity, for the law can be carried out voluntary, without coercion as will take place in the Era of the Redemption.1

We can now understand the reason why in the prophetic promise, the words “your advisers” was added to “your judges.” In the Era of the Redemption, the Jews will reach a state of perfection that will cause them to carry out the rulings of the judges without the need for officers. And this will come about, because in addition to “judges,” there will be “advisers.”

The simple difference between a judge and an adviser is that a judge is not to be compared to the one who is being judged, he is on a far higher plane. He has a greater knowledge and understanding of the laws, and accordingly the litigants feel subordination in his presence. (This is necessary so that they will accept the verdict even if it is not to their liking.)

In contrast, an adviser is what his name implies — he gives good advice. This indicates that the adviser is more or less on the same level as the person he advises. Indeed, the adviser speaks to him, not from above to below, as with a decree, but as a good friend who speaks to him on a basis of equality. He gives him good advice on how to behave, advice that his listener can understand and accept with a feeling that his advice will benefit him.

We can apply similar concepts to explain the difference between the terms “your judges” and “your advisers” used in the prophetic promise mentioned above: Each one contains an advantage over the other. The advantage of the adviser is that he is more readily accepted by the advised. His counsel penetrates the inner being of the advised, because the latter accepts that this is good advice for him.

In contrast, the advantage of the judge, is that although his ruling comes as a command, because he is on a much higher plane than the judged, this in itself is a plus. The judge has the power given by the Torah to make these rulings (which is a far greater power than that of the adviser, who is on the same level as his listener). Indeed, the nature of his rulings force the person to accept them (whereas with advice one has a choice to accept it or not).

In other words: whereas with a judge the main stress is on the status of the judge, with the adviser, the main stress is on communication to the person receiving the advice.

In general, man’s service of G‑d should be characterized by both these thrusts. It must include service through his own ability, “an awakening from below,” and influence he receives from above, “an awakening from above.”

In greater detail, there are two types of influence from above itself: the influence which is granted according to the level of the person and therefore can become part of his inner being, and the influence which comes from a level which transcends the level of the person himself.

Similarly, these two dimensions are reflected in the motivators to the service of G‑d which come from Jews themselves: “your judges”, whose task is (to teach) Torah, the word of G‑d — give influence from a higher level than the person, and “your advisers” whose help can become part of one’s inner self, in a way which makes him feel that it is for his own good.

Based on the above, we can understand why the connection between, “your judges” and the expression “in former times,” and “your advisers” to “at the beginning.” The difference between “in former times,” and “at the beginning” is such: “In former times” alludes to a state of primeval existence, before the start of the matter, whilst “at the beginning” refers to the actual beginning of the matter.

Since the work of a judge reflects the issuing of dictates which comes as an order from above without taking into account the readiness of the recipient to receive them, there is consequently a gap (in quality, and therefore in time) between the pronouncement of the judge and its actual fulfillment. Because, after the ruling has been given, the judge has to start a new process — the acceptance of his ruling and its fulfillment by the defendant — the term “in former times” is used.

In contrast, the adviser’s efforts focus on the recipient and is given with the thought of him in mind, that he be ready to accept the advice. Thus the actual giving of the advice shows that the process of communication has already started. The advice itself only reveals what is already there and shows how this advice is for his good. This also applies in time — as immediately following the giving of the advice, there begins the process of its fulfillment. For this reason, the term “your advisers” employs the second person: emphasizes that it stresses that the advice belongs to you. Furthermore, through the efforts of “your advisers,” the judges will become “your judges,” their rulings, which of themselves are on a higher level than that of the litigants, will be accepted by them and internalized like advice.

This relates to the commandment of our Torah reading, “You shall appoint judges... in all your gates.” The gate of a city is the opening through which one enters the city. This means that the appointment of judges (and officers — when they are needed) should be in the manner of “you should appoint in all your gates” (second person) that the rulings of the judges — who themselves may be aloof and separate — should be accepted by the Jews, and should become part of “you” and even more so “in all your gates,” i.e., internalized within the people.2

We can now understand why after Mashiach comes, there will be no need for “officers.” The judges and the advisers will be to perfection — both the laws and rulings of the Torah which come with “your judges” together with the influence from above, as well as the good advice which comes through “your advisers” who allow this to be internalized into man’s inner being. Through these two methods, a Jew will be completely permeated with Torah, mitzvos, and G‑dliness so that “officers,” representing force and compulsion, will no longer be necessary in order to carry out G‑d’s word.

Through “your judges” alone, the rulings of the Torah that a Jew accepts as a duty, because of a command and decree; the inner service which permeates his understanding and his feelings, which comes through “your advisers” is missing. Consequently, there remains room for the possibilities of the existence of a different and even opposite force within his inner being. Conversely, “advisers” alone are insufficient, for the power of the Torah and the infinite help which comes through the ruling of the judge is missing. Thus, it is through the fusion of both influences, that a complete level of service can be reached.

As a catalyst for the fulfillment of this prophecy, even before the Redemption, a Jew must perform a service according to his capabilities, that reflects — and makes him a receptacle for — the revelations of the Era of Mashiach.3 This means our service now should be on two motivating forces: a) that of “judges” — fulfilling the rulings of the Torah as a duty, and b) that of “advisers” — that the rulings of the Torah should be accepted by his inner self as good advice.

This is achieved through Jews of every generation obeying the “judges” and “advisers” of their generation. For the halachic authorities explain, that “You shall appoint judges and officers in all your gates (cities)” is a basic and fundamental principle in all places, even in the Diaspora, and in all times, even in the present era, as is written in our Torah portion, “And you shall come... to the judge who will be in those days and you shall inquire and they shall declare to you the sentence of the judgment. And you shall do according to what they shall declare to you.” Moreover, “the judge who will be in your days” shall be reckoned in every generation as “Shmuel in his generation” and even as “Moshe Rabbeinu in his generation.”

There must also be the influence of “advisers.” Thus it is desirable that in addition to a judge’s judicial knowledge, one can “enjoy his advice and wisdom.” Alternatively, in addition to the judge and Rabbi who gives halachic rulings in that generation, there are also people who give advice (who should be accepted on the basis of our Sages’ directive, “make for yourself a teacher”).

2. An illustration of the difference between the two functions mentioned above can be found in the contrast between the words of the Torah, and the words of prophecy, (both of which are mentioned in the Torah portion Shoftim).

Torah transcends the world, for it is the wisdom and will of G‑d. Thus in the same way that one cannot grasp the being of G‑d in any way, the real essence of the Torah is above our comprehension.4 Therefore the manner in which the Torah is conveyed to this world is mainly through commandments and rulings from above.

In contrast, prophecy — even though it is the word of G‑d, “the spirit of G‑d spoke to me” — is the revelation of G‑dliness to man. “He revealed His secrets to His servants, the prophets”, according to their limits5 that it should be absorbed in the knowledge and mind of the prophet. A prophet becomes as one with the prophecy communicated to him and the vision of prophecy becomes clothed in his minds and understanding and also in his thoughts and speech, as it is written “The spirit of G‑d spoke in me, and His word is on my tongue.”

Moreover, prophecy is intended to be revealed through speech. The very Hebrew term for prophecy, nevuah implies that it is a subject proclaimed and announced to the people as in the term niv s’fosayim, (“the expression of the lips”). In contrast, Torah which can remain in one’s thoughts. Also the import of prophecy has connection with the events of the world. To quote the Rambam, “A prophet is only there to inform us of what is going to happen in the future in the world.”6

Thus, the Torah and prophecy reflect the difference between “your judges” and “your advisers.” The task of the judge is to rule on the laws of the Torah, which is done by way of command and decree. The adviser gives his advice “clothed” in language acceptable to the advised, which he can understand as does a prophet.

There is a commandment to obey “your judges” at all times, as it is written in our Torah portion “And you shall come... to the judge who will be in those days.” Similarly, there is a commandment to obey the prophets, as it is written separately in the Torah portion (18:15) “G‑d will set up for you a prophet from your midst, from your brothers, like me, and you shall hearken to him.”

In this context, the Rambam explains “one of the fundamentals of the religion is to know that G‑d sends His prophecies through people.” Since the Rambam prefaces the commandment to heed a prophet with the concept that prophecy is one of “the fundamentals of the religion,” we can understand that this affects Jews in all generations. Our Sages tell us “that from the time the later prophets, Chaggai, Zecharia and Malachidied, the Holy Spirit departed from Israel.” Nevertheless, the word “departed” does not mean that it was abolished completely. The spirit of prophecy did not cease, but rather ascended to a higher plane. Indeed, even after the era of the later prophets, the spirit of prophecy permeated very many people. (This can also be understood from the fact that, in the Mishneh Torah, the Rambam does not mention the cessation of prophecy, nor that the spirit of prophecy can flourish only in a specific time.)

Indeed, in his Iggeres Taimon, the Rambam writes that “as a preparatory step for Mashiach’s coming... prophecy will return to Israel.” This can be understood in connection with the explanations above. To prepare us to be able to receive the revelations of the Era of the Redemption, we must experience through prophecy, a foretaste of the “advice” that will be communicated in that era.

It is therefore important for later generations to know that it is “one of the fundaments of [our] faith to know that G‑d sends His prophecies through people.” Always, in all generations, the revelation of prophecy is possible. Moreover, this will include even a level of prophecy which is akin to the prophecy of Moshe as implied by the verse, “I will set up for them from their brothers like you.” Moshe’s level is the zenith of prophecy, as the Rambam explains at length. Nevertheless, it is not exclusive to him, but reflected to others as well.

This enables us to comprehend why the Rambam deals with the prophecy of Moshe at such length, explaining that it reflects a higher level of prophecy than experienced by all other prophets. On the surface, this is merely a historical fact. Of what purpose is there in discussing it in a book of law for the Jewish people of later generations. And if this only refers to the time after Mashiach has come, when Moshe will arise, the people will see Moshe’s uniqueness themselves. Of what purpose is there to mention this ruling now?

The explanation is that in all generations, even before the Resurrection of the Dead, it is necessary to know that Torah law prescribes that G‑d sends His prophecies through men, that the verse, “I will set up a prophet... like you (Moshe)” applies in every generation. Every prophet is a continuation of the prophecy of Moshe and his Torah (except that in regard to revelation, there are different levels as the Rambam explains). In our generation, these concepts were personified by the leader of the generation, the Previous Rebbe.

We can now understand the uniqueness of the time in which we are living, an age when all the service required of us has been completed, to borrow an expression of the Previous Rebbe, “the buttons have been polished,” and we are in the final seconds before the Ultimate Redemption.

From the time when the Torah commanded “You shall appoint judges and officers in all your gates,” the fact that the Redemption did not come then served as a proof that the Jews had not completed the service required of them. Traces of our sins remained, and hence “because of our sins, we were exiled from our land.” Hence, in addition to judges, we still required “officers” to enforce obedience of the decisions the judges rendered.

Nevertheless, after the great amount of service throughout the generations, we are obviously very much nearer to the Redemption. Surely this has been enhanced by the revelation of Pnimiyus HaTorah, beginning from the AriZal’s declaration that “it is a mitzvahto reveal this wisdom,” and particularly through the service of the Rebbeim in spreading forth the wellsprings of Chassidus. These leaders are the individuals through whom “prophecy will return to Israel.” They are the prophets of our generation, “like me (Moshe),” i.e., they are “the spark of Moshe that exists in every generation.”

They are “your judges.” This reflects to their function as nesi’im. This term related to the word hisnasus, “uplifted,” reflects how they are elevated above the people..7 In this capacity, they serve as the teachers of the Torah to the people. Similarly, they serve as “your advisors,” giving counsel in connection with our Torah service, and also giving advice in worldly matters, which is the function of the prophets.

This is particularly expressed through the revelation of the teachings of Chassidus through the Chabad approach which allows one to comprehend Torah’s mystic secrets within the conceptual framework of ordinary human intellect. This serves as a foretaste of the revelation of the inner meanings of Torah in the Era of the Redemption which will in turn prepare our people for that era.

All this has been greatly increased in our generation — when “the spreading of your wellsprings outward” has been completed, reaching a level that can be comprehended by a person who is extremely remote and having been extended to all corners of the earth. This includes the translation of the teaching of Chassidus into many languages (e.g., Russian) at the request of the Previous Rebbe and the printing of the Tanya — the written law of Chassidus — in Braille for those who unfortunately cannot see.

In this context, the knowledge that all the service required of us has been completed provides us with a heightened understanding of the lesson we must take from ParshasShoftim. Each person has to recognize himself, and publicize among his widest circle of influence, that we need to accept upon ourselves the rulings and advice of “the judges” and “the advisers” of our generation. In general, this refers to all Rabbis, for “Our Rabbis are our kings,” and in particular, this refers to the leader of our generation — the judge, adviser and prophet of our generation.

When a person has the merits and individual perfection required of a prophet, and he performs signs and wonders — as we saw and see continually in the fulfillment of the blessings of the leader of our generation, the Previous Rebbe — “we do not believe in him only because of the sign [he performed]..., but because of the commandment which Moshe gave in the Torah.”

Furthermore, “A prophet about whom another prophet testifies that he is a prophet (as is the case with the Previous Rebbe, and is continued in the next generation through his disciples), he is accepted as a prophet and requires no investigation.” He has to be obeyed immediately “even before he performs a sign.” “It is forbidden to disparage or criticize his prophecy saying that it is perhaps not true.” There is a specific negative commandment forbidding us to test a prophet more than necessary. After it has become known that he is a prophet, the people should believe in him, and they should not disparage or criticize him. Their belief should not be in the prophet as an individual, but as a messenger charged with communicating the words of G‑d.

This concept has to be publicized to everyone in this generation. It must be made known that we have merited that G‑d has chosen and appointed a person who of himself is far greater than the people of his generation, to serve as a judge, adviser, and prophet to the generation. He will grant rulings and advice in connection with the service of the Jews and indeed, of all the people of this generation, in all matters of the Torah and its mitzvos, and in their general day to day behavior, allowing them to “know Him in all your ways,” so that “all your actions should be for the sake of Heaven.” Surely, this includes the fundamental prophecy “To Redemption immediately,” for “Behold Mashiach is coming.”

This, the acceptance and fulfillment of the rulings of the “judges” and the “advisers” of our generation begins the process of the fulfillment of the prayer “Return our judges as at first, and our advisers as at the beginning” which will be realized in a full sense with the true and complete Redemption.

On this basis, we can answer the questions being asked lately: Why is there is so much talk about the Redemption coming immediately? How will the family react, and what will the world say? To which the answer is that if the idea of Redemption was something novel, there might be cause for the question. This is not the case; everything connected with the Redemption began a long time ago and has long been accepted in this world. Hence, there should be no wonderment and surprise when the Redemption does actually come.

On a practical level, the injunction of “You shall appoint judges at all your gates,” must be applied on several different levels. Firstly, “the gates” can be interpreted as referring to the seven gates of man: the two eyes, two ears, two nostrils and mouth. They should act according to the dictates of the Torah. On this level, the “judges” refer to the intellectual attributes of the G‑dly soul and the “advisers,” the emotional attributes. Thus every element of the life of a Jew has to be permeated and led by the G‑dly power of his soul.

This concept should be extended and every man and woman should serve as a “judge” and an “adviser” in their household and family, insuring that it run according to the teachings and advice of the Torah. And to extend the concept even further, the whole world should follow the directives of the “judge” and the “adviser” of the generation, the “prophet I will set up for them, like you (Moshe),” the leader of the generation.”

We are now at the end of the year, in the month of Elul, which is the month of reckoning for the past year and the month of preparation for the next year; and in this month itself, the first seven days have passed, from Sunday until Shabbos, which include all the days of the year passed and to come.

It is therefore an even more fitting time to make a true reckoning, and to undertake appropriate preparations for the next year in connection with the service described above. And this will bring each member of the Jewish people and the entire Jewish people as a whole, a kesivah vachasimah tovah, an inscription and the sealing of that inscription for a good and sweet year materially and spiritually.8 Included in this will be the fulfillment of the prophecy, “And I will return your judges as in former times, and your advisers as at the beginning,” with the return of our people to Eretz Yisrael and to the Beis HaMikdash. May this take place in the immediate future.

Parshas Ekev Shabbos Mevarchim Elul | 23-29 Menachem Av, 5778

EREV SHABBOS AUG 2nd 
Shacharis 7 AM
Candles/Mincha/Maariv 8:22 PM

SHABBOS NACHAMU SAT AUG 3rd 
Tehilim for Mevarchim Elul 8 am
Shacharis: 9:30 AM /Sof Zman Krias Shema 9:32 AM/
Shabbos Mincha 8:22 PM /Seuda Slishit 
Maariv/Havdalah 9:25 PM

WEEKDAY SERVICES
Sun Shacharis 9 AM 
Mon - Fri Shacharis 7 AM
Mon -Thu Mincha 8:20 PM, followed immediately by Maariv

SHABBOS KIDDUSH AND SEUDA SLISHIT.  
Kiddush Lite.  Meat Cholent sponsored by Ben and Myriam Caro, made by Rabbi Mendy Levitin. Seuda Slishit.

BARUCH DAYAN EMETH
Our sincerest and heartfelt condolences to Carol and Jerry Strassman on the loss of their daughter-in-law, Shoshie Strassman and to their son Danny on the loss of his beloved wife.

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
For current status of the North Seattle Eruv, please check the flag on the NE 65thStreet side of CSTL, (green flag means the Eruv is up, red flag the Eruv is down), CSTL eNews, or the Vaad eNews. Visit our web site
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status.

FARBRENGEN ALERT–Shabbos Mevarchim Elul FRI JULY 27th 5 PM
Erev-Shabbos Farbrengen in front of the CSTL Men’s Mikvah

ANI L’DODI V DODI LI  with Rabbi Mendy – 7:30 PM
The Rebbe’s Chasidus Discourse Ani LeDodi VeDodi Li is based on the idea of ‘Elul is the time of “Melech Basadeh” - The King Is In The Field’. Who Initiates the Intensification of this Love Relationship?  For Men and Women. In honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה שלימה  

WOMEN’S LEARNING AT CSTL WED 8:00 PM
Contact Shprintze Kavka to arrange to learn what you want to learn.  206-730-2764

TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class the classes  are in honor  of Chaya Sarah Malka bas Bracha  and Elanah Rivka bas Sarah for a full רפואה  שלימה.

Talmud Class - Mesechet Rosh Hashanah with Rabbi Mendy 
Starting  Third Chapter Be"h  Aug 14th .. Please contact Shuky Meyer at +1-347-761-2134 to be added to the whatsapp group, for updated time and location 

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am - Noon
This program is now volunteer-led. If you are interested in volunteering from time to time, please email 
elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10:30 am – Noon 
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

RABBI EMLEN’S MONDAY NIGHT SICHOS CLASS FOR WOMEN–8 PM. 
All levels of knowledge are welcome! Light refreshments will be served. At the Kavka’s 4002 NE 72nd  Street . For a Refuah Shlaimah for  חיה שרה מלכה בת ברכה לאה חוה     

JEWISH WOMEN’S CIRCLE: CONNECTING WITH KABBALA – MON AUG 13th 7:30 PM
At the home of Debbie Levitin, 3701 NE 74th Place.  Cocktails and Refreshments will be served.

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM …
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

Weekly History Class for Women with Chanie Levitin Tue 7:30 pm 
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info,
chanielevitin@gmail.com

WOMEN’S SHABBOS CLASS – 5:30 PM
TO BE ANNOUNCED

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion KitzGabbai Kiddush, 
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS

CAMP GAN YISROEL 5778
Campers ages 1½ to 12 are excited about Gan Izzy 2018. Fun that lasts a summer...memories that last a lifetime!http://www.campganisraelseattle.org/

Mercaz Summer BBQ Sunday, August 12th 1pm-4pm
Bring picnic blankets, games, frisbees to Matthews Beach Park and we'll provide the meat! Yum! There will be lots of food and a vegetarian option. Early bird sign up by Wednesday, August 8th. 
www.MercazSeattle.org

BARARFEST 2018. MON SEPT 3rd
Eat.  Meat.

ELUL IS ALMOST HERE – HAVE MEZUZOT AND TEFILIN CHECKED
Rabbi Benzaquen 206-200-6829

BDS:WHAT ARE ITS SUPPORTERS SEEKING? WED AUG 15th 7 PM
Join with AJC in hearing from Dr. Paul Burstein, past chair of UW Jewish Studies, on the anti-Israel BDS movement and what its supporters are ultimately seeking. At Mercer Island private home. Address upon RSVP.
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/the-boycott-divestment-and-sanctions-bds-movement-what-are-its-supporters-ultimately-seeking-registration-48145388152?ref=estw&ms=wb_evt_20180723_AJCSeattle

SEPHARDIC RELIGIOUS SCHOOL
Register now for 2018-2019 Sephardic Hebrew Religious School at the SJCC in Mercer Island!  Sephardic Religious School 1st day begins on Sunday, September 2, 2018 at 9:45 A.M at the J.C.C. [Grades K - 8]

Camp Yavneh June 25th - August 17th 
Registration now open for Camp Yavneh. Staff applications now available at
www.campyavnehseattle.com    


REBBE’S SICHO FOR SHABBOS MEVARCHIM ELUL /EKEV 
http://www.sie..org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2507731/jewish/Shabbos-Parshas-Eikev-23rd-Day-of-Menachem-Av-5751-1991.htm © SichosInEnglish.org

1. This Shabbos is the Shabbos on which the month of Elul is blessed. Elul is the last month of the year and therefore, has been set aside as a month to review our service throughout the entire previous year. The connection to the totality of our service is alluded to in the name Elul for its Hebrew letters (אלול) are interpreted to be an acronym for the words of the Hebrew phrase (אני לדודי ודודי לי) meaning “I am my Beloved’s and my Beloved is mine,” thus emphasizing the connection between a person (“I”) and G‑d (“my Beloved”).

In particular, this connection is twofold in nature, involving the arousal of the Jews in establishing a connection to G‑d — and thereby elevating the earthly plane — through the service of Torah and mitzvos. This is alluded to in the phrase “I am my Beloved’s.” Similarly, this connection includes the drawing down of influence and assistance from Above as reflected in the phrase, “my Beloved is mine.”

Although the above acronym mentions both services, it begins with “I am my Beloved’s,” which reflects the arousal of the Jewish people.1 This is the foundation of all service, that even before there is a revelation from Above, a Jew should begin serving G‑d on his own initiative.

The ultimate purpose of man’s creation and the descent of his soul into this world is to serve G‑d on his own initiative. And furthermore, through such service, man derives his most satisfying pleasure. It is human nature, that of the gentiles as well as the Jews, to appreciate something that they have worked for and earned.2 Conversely, something which they have not worked for is regarded as “bread of shame.”

There is also an arousal from Above that makes possible the service of Elul and in this vein, Elul is described as the month when G‑d’s Thirteen Attributes of Mercy are revealed and the month when “the King is in the field.” These influences, however, are merely preparatory in nature. The essence of Elul is the arousal of love by the Jewish people, and it is this awakening which calls forth revelation from Above, “my Beloved is mine.”

Since service on one’s own initiative is the primary element of man’s service throughout the entire year, this is the service emphasized in the month of Elul, the month in which one takes stock of one’s service as a whole.3 And it is through this service that we call forth a higher level of Divine level which is reflected in the blessings of the new year.

Nevertheless, despite the emphasis on service on one’s own initiative, since both thrusts — i.e., also the revelation from Above — are alluded to in the name Elul, it follows that the stocktaking which is carried out this month must focus on both these thrusts. For there are services carried out by the Jewish people which reflect the thrust of revelation from Above and carrying out these services facilitates the ultimate aspect of rev­elation from Above, “my Beloved is mine,” G‑d’s manifestation of love for the Jews.4

The importance of taking stock of both these services is reflected in the fact that there are always two days Rosh Chodesh to the month of Elul. In particular, this year when these two days fall on Shabbos and Sunday, the connection to these two services is highlighted. Sunday reflects the service of elevating the earthly plane, while Shabbos represents the revelation of holiness from Above.

This is reflected in the narrative of creation (a narrative which, in the spiritual sense, repeats itself every week). Sunday was the first day of creation, the beginning of the existence of the worldly plane. And from that day, we proceed day after day, in a process of elevation and refinement preparing for Shabbos as our Sages said, “Whoever toils on erevShabbos (which in an expanded sense refers to all the days of the week), will eat on Shabbos.”

Shabbos, in contrast, is a day of spiritual pleasure and, furthermore, this pleasure is revealed and drawn down into even the material entities of this world. And it is from the Shabbos that “all the days of the coming week are blessed,” i.e., the influence of Shabbos contains the positive factors that will become manifest in the week to come.5

Since everything in the world, even the very fundamental elements of existence were brought into being “for the sake of the Jewish people” and “for the sake of the Torah,” it follows that a parallel to both these approaches exists within a Jew’s Divine service.

A Jew is made up of a soul — “an actual6 part of G‑d from Above” — and a body — a physical entity stemming from dust.7 From the perspective of the body, there is a need for the service of elevating the physical plane, and that this service be a step-by-step process as reflected in the manner in which we proceed, day by day going further in the task of refinement. In contrast, from the perspective of the soul, the service is one of revelation from Above, beginning on the highest spiritual levels and drawing them down into this world. Each individual is capable of this service and should demand such a service of himself.

The two services are interrelated. Even on those days which are characterized by holiness and service which is above the limitations of man, one must not lose total sight of one’s material environment. Thus these days are also counted as days of the week, i.e., as a Sunday, or a Monday. Similarly, while the Beis HaMikdash was standing, in addition to the special sacrifices offered on these days, the daily offering which was sacrificed each day of the year was also brought.

Conversely, a Jew begins his service each day, even on a weekday, with the declaration, Modeh Ani in which he thanks G‑d for returning his soul, i.e., there is an emphasis on revelation from Above. This connection of Shabbos, revelation from Above, to the days of the week is also reflected in our Sages’ statement that Shamai the Elder would always eat “in honor of the Shabbos.” If he saw a choice animal on the first day of the week, he would purchase it for Shabbos. If, afterwards, he would find an even more choice one, he would purchase that one for Shabbos and use the first for the weekday meals. In this manner, every moment of his existence was associated with the Shabbos.

In general, these two paths of service can be identified with the two general categories of Yissacher and Zevulun. Yissacher, the students of the Torah, are associated with the service of revelation from Above. In contrast, the lifework of Zevulun, those involved in commerce and financial activity, is one of elevating the world and the natural environment in which they are found.

As mentioned above, of these two service, the service of elevating the earthly plane, and in doing so serving G‑d on one’s own initiative, is of fundamental importance. This is also reflected in the observance of the two days of Rosh Chodesh Elul this year. The first day of Rosh Chodesh Elul is the thirtieth day of the month of Av. The month of Elul itself begins on the second day of Rosh Chodesh and it is on that day that the blowing of the shofar and other customs associated with Elul begin. And thus, it is significant that the second day of Rosh Chodesh Elul falls on Sunday, the day associated with the beginning of the service of elevating the material plane.

To explain this concept in greater depth: Since “G‑d desired a dwelling in the lower worlds,” the fundamental service we render to Him must take place with the context of these worlds, following the natural order established within creation. Such a service is characterized by gradual progression, going from one level to the next, beginning from Sunday, the first day.

Although a Jew has a soul which is “an actual part of G‑d” — and it is because he possesses this soul that he can carry out this service of elevating the earthly realm — that soul has been enclothed in a physical body. As the soul is enclothed within the body, it is limited by the body and the natural limits of the world. And thus its service must begin on this plane. And it is through this service of “I am my Beloved’s,” a Jew’s affirming his commitment to G‑d and elevating his material environment8 that he fulfills the ultimate intent of all creation, to establish a dwelling for G‑d in this material world.

Based on the above, we can resolve a related question: Since man was created on the sixth day of existence, seemingly, he should begin his reckoning of the week from that day. Why do we begin counting the week from Sunday?9 To emphasize how the essential goal of our service is transforming this world into a dwelling for G‑d. And focus is drawn to this goal by beginning our weekly counting, not from Friday when the creation of the world reaches a state of completion, but from Sunday, the beginning stage of service.

This service transforms the world into a dwelling for G‑d’s essence, a place where the most fundamental aspect of His being is revealed. Just as in the creation of the world, it is only G‑d’s essence that could bring into existence the material reality which exists, so too, it is G‑d’s essence that will come into expression in the dwelling established in this world.10 And furthermore, this service brings about greater revelation in the spiritual realms.

Similarly, it is through this service that a Jew taps the essence of his soul. When the soul is enclothed in the body and works to elevate the material environment, the essence of the soul is revealed. And at the same time, this service elevates all the higher levels of the soul. To express this in allegory, when a building is lifted up from below, every aspect of the building is elevated.

Based on the above, we can conclude that the stocktaking of our service which must be made in the month of Elul should be threefold, focusing on the service carried out by man on his own initiative, elevating the worldly realm, the service involved with revelation from Above, and the fusion of these two thrusts.

Each of the services, elevation of the earthly realm and revelation from Above possesses an advantage lacking in the other. The service carried out by man on his own initiative is internalized by him and becomes part of his own thinking processes. It is, however, restricted by our human limitations; even the revelation from Above which this service evokes is limited in nature.

In contrast, the revelation from Above reveals an aspect of Jew’s soul that is above our ordinary worldly limits. This level, however, is not internalized with our thinking processes. Therefore, the ultimate level of fulfillment involves a fusion of both these services. This results from a revelation of G‑d’s essence which, in turn, is brought about by the arousal of the essential potential in man, the awakening of “I am my Beloved’s.” This allows the revelations which transcend our framework of reference to be expressed and to be internalized within that framework.

Thus a Jew must make an accounting and see if in fact he has turned to G‑d on his own initiative and what is the extent to which he has been able to elevate his surrounding environment. Similarly, he must make a reckoning of the manner in which he has used the revelations imparted to him from Above, the revelations that stem from the essential G‑dliness of his soul. And he must also take stock and see whether he has been able to fuse the two, combining “I am my Beloved’s” with “my Beloved is mine.”

This stocktaking is not only individual in nature, but effects the world at large. As the Rambam writes, a single mitzvah performed by one individual has the power to tip the balance of the entire world and bring salvation and deliverance.

2. Our service of stocktaking must also relate to the Future Redemption, for it is the responsibility of the Jewish people to bring about this redemption. According to all the signs mentioned by our Sages, the redemption should have come. And therefore, our energies are focused on this goal. Herein, there is a connection to this week’s Torah reading, Parshas Eikev, which relates to the present time period, described as Ikvesa diMeshicha. There are two interpretations of this term: a) The first focuses on the more common meaning of the word eikev, “heel,” the least sensitive portion of the body. Thus Ikvesa diMeshicha refers to the lowest of all levels in the spiritual history of the Jewish people, a generation characterized by a redoubled spiritual darkness, in which all the undesirable omens which our Sages said would precede the Era of the Redemption have taken place. b) Eikev also means “after.” Thus it refers to the end of the exile, the time directly before Mashiach’s coming. This surely refers to our generation, for to borrow an expression used by the Previous Rebbe, we have already “polished the buttons,” i.e., all the service demanded of us has been completed and we are on the threshold of the Redemption. And therefore, in anxious expectation of the time when G‑d will take the Jews out of exile and bring them to Eretz Yisrael, we cry out, Ad Maasei, “Until when, will we be forced to remain in exile.”

The two interpretations of the term Ikvesa diMeshicha are interrelated. It is precisely when the Jews have reached the low levels implied by the first interpretation, that the ultimate fulfillment promised by the second interpretation will be realized.11

In this light, the stocktaking which we must carry out in the month of Elul, must also focus on the imminence of the Redemption. A Jew has the potential to arouse himself, to arouse others, and to arouse G‑d, Himself, as it were. As mentioned, according to all the signs given by our Sages, and definitely in the light of the miracles which we have witnessed recently, the ultimate Redemption should have come already, and in this year. For the miracles described in the Yalkut Shimoni are to take place in “the year in which the King Mashiach will be revealed.”

Furthermore, Mashiach’s coming will be hastened by the positive influence of the study of Hilchos Beis HaBechirah, the laws of the Construction of the Beis HaMikdash. G‑d has promised that our study of these laws will be considered equivalent to the actual building of the Beis HaMikdash. Indeed, the Beis HaMikdash is completely built in the spiritual realms and all that is necessary is to cause it to descend here to this earth.

Moreover, it is also after the fifteenth of Av, a day associated with an increase in Torah study.12 And it is the Shabbos on which the month of Elul is blessed. Elul is the time when “the King is in the field” and there He receives all His subjects happily and grants all their requests. Thus this is a time when we have the potential and the responsibility to call out to G‑d and demand, Ad Maasei, “Until when must we remain in exile.”

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