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Newsletter

Bechukotai – Mevarchim Sivan | 26 Iyar – 4 Sivan, 5779

Erev Shabbos, Fri May 31st 
Shacharis: 7  AM
Mincha/Candles  8:40 PM 
Maariv 9:38 PM /COUNT OMER #42/

Shabbos, Sat June 1st 
Tehilim for Mevarchim Sivan 8:00 AM
Shacharis: 9:30 AM 
Mincha 8:40 PM. Pirkei Avos Chapter 5.  Seuda Slishit Lite.
Maariv/Havdalah 9:42 /COUNT OMER #43/

Weekday Services
Sun Shacharis 9 AM 
Mon, Wed -Fri Shacharis 7 AM 
Tue – Shacharis 6:50 AM /ROSH CHODESH SIVAN
Sun-Thu Mincha 8:50 pm
Sun-Thu Maariv and Sefira bezomano  (Sun 9:40 PM to Thu 9:43 PM) /COUNT #44-48/

PRE-SHABBOS FARBRENGEN 6 PM
In the CSTL Social Hall. In honor of the yahrzeit of Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato (known by the acronym "Ramchal"), philosopher, kabbalist and ethicist, was born in Padua, Italy, in 1707. At a very early age, he began to study Kabbalah under the tutelage of Rabbi Moshe Zacuto, one of the foremost Kabbalists of his generation. While still in his twenties, he authored numerous works of Torah scholarship, including Derech Hashem ("The way of G-d"), a systematic exposition of the fundamentals of Judaism. 
www.Chabad.org/calendar

KIDDUSH SPONSORS  /KIDDUSH LUNCH
Shabbos Mevorchim Kiddush Lunch sponsored by AnonymousRabbi Mendy and Leahle Levitin (in honor of the Yahrzeit of Zaidy = Rabbi Yisochar Dov ben Yona), Rabbi Abraham and Shprintze Kavka (in honor of the Yahrzeit for Shprintze’s uncle=Reb Dovid Zev ben Reb Tzvi Elimelech) and Miriam Kitz (in honor of the Yahrzeit for Shprintze’s uncle). Delicious Cholent by Rabbi Mendy.

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
Visit 
www.twitter.com/cstleruv  for current eruv status or to sign up for SMS alerts.  North Seattle Eruv status flag on the NE 65th Street side of CSTL: Green flag means the Eruv is up, Red flag the Eruv is down.

LIKUTEI TORAH/TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class.

RABBI MENDY’S SICHO CLASS – SHABBOS AFTERNOON 7:40 PM
One hour before Shabbos mincha.

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am – 12:30 pm /TBD
Info: Liz Roth-Jacobovitz: 
elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10 am – Noon 
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM 
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –Sundays following 9am Shacharis
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

Weekly History Class for Women with Chanie Levitin Tue 7:30 pm
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info, 
chanielevitin@gmail.com

Talmud Class - Mesechet SANHEDRIN with Rabbi Mendy Levitn 
Please contact Shuky Meyer at +1-347-761-2134 to be added to the whatsapp group, for updated time and location

CAMP GAN ISRAEL SEATTLE July  1st – Aug 9th. – REGISTER NOW
Register at 
www.campganisraelseattle.org This summer at Camp Gan Israel Seattle, we will be focusing on discovering the hidden talents within every single camper.. Looking forward to giving your child the best summer experience. With questions, call or text Rabbi Kavka 206-730-2775

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion Kitz Gabbai Kiddush,
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


 COMMUNITY NEWS

YOM YERUSHALAYIM BREAKFAST SUN JUNE 2nd FOLLOWING 8 AM SHACHARIS
At Ezra Bessaroth . An uplifting 8am Shacharit service followed by a satisfying breakfast.

VIDEO SHIUR WITH RABBI TANENBAUM OF BCMH
https://vimeo.com/339392945 “Making Requests in our Tefilah – Exploring the Depths of the Amida”

MMSC Annual Fundraising Dinner TUE JUN 4th 6:15 PM
At Melrose Market Studios, 1532 Minor Avenue. Register to attend or sponsor at 
www.mmscgala.com by May 31st. An evening of Cocktails, Hors D'oeuvres, and Comedy by world-renowned comedian, Mark Schiff! Featuring a top-shelf open bar throughout the evening, along with delicious Hors d'oeuvres catered bywww.seattlekoshercatering.com     Info:  Levi at (206) 898 -9361, rabbi@chabadcapitolhill.org

Modern Anti-Semitism and Anti-Zionism: Is there a Separation - Wed Jun 19th 7:30 PM
Speaker at CSTL:  Regina Sassoon Friedland,  Regional Director. American Jewish Committee. Complimentary attendance but we need RSVP. RSVP to Education Committee Chair, Dr. Vernon Neppe  
psyche@pni.org

Second Annual "One People, One Heart" Community Event, JUN 24th 
Keynote speaker will be former Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau. More info: 
www.chabadofseattle.org

Behind Enemy Lines with Marthe Cohn Mon Jun 3rd 7 PM
Hear an incredible story of courage, faith, and espionage. Holocaust survivor Marthe Cohn gathered intelligence about Nazi troop movements behind enemy lines by posing as a German nurse. She was later awarded France's highest military honor. Presented by Chabad of Kirkland. At Lake Washington High School ( Kirkland)
www.jewishkirkland.com

Cardozo Jewish Lawyer Society – Thu June 6th 6 PM
Honoring Professor Eric Schnapper, recipient of the 2019 L'Dor V'Dor Award for his contributions to the Jewish and legal communities of Washington State. Professor Schnapper teaches civil rights, civil procedure, and employment discrimination law at the UW School of Law.

Basarfest at BCMH Sunday, June 16, 6:00 pm
Featuring MEAT.   
www.BCMHSeattle.org ,

SEFARDI FEST – SUN JUN 23rd 9 AM – 3 PM
Annual Festival of Sefardi Food & Culture.  At Ezra Bessaroth 
www.EzraBessaroth.net

Shalom Baby Baskets
Available for every Jewish baby in the Seattle area, sponsored by Jewish Community Center. 
https://sjcc.org/events-classes/families/shalom-baby/  To register, call Talya Kurland, 206-388-0828. The Shalom Baby basket is suitable for children ages birth through age 2.

Camp Yavneh 2019 
Registration now open for Camp Yavneh. Staff applications now available at 
www.campyavnehseattle.com    

New Seattle Jewish Event Calendar 
http://seattlejewishuniverse.org/

SEATTLE SEPHARDIC LEGACIES – SUN JUNE 2 AT 2PM AT THE UW HUB
Trace the journey of Seattle’s Sephardic Jews from the Ottoman Empire to the Pacific Northwest through the letters, documents, books, and material artifacts. Info: Ty Alhadeff,  
tda2@uw.edu . At the UW “Hub”, Room 160.

Federation Annual Meeting Thu June 20th 7 PM
The Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle invites you to our 2019 Annual Meeting to honor community award recipients and learn about Federation's impact on our community. At Stroum JCC - Mercer Island
www.JewishinSeattle.org

Sephardic Lecture Series 
At Sephardic Bikur Holim. 
www.SBHSeattle.org (206) 723-3028

Mercaz Shavuaton JUNE 7th – 10th 
At Camp Salomon Schechter.  
www.MercazSeattle.org

AIRPORT , LOCAL TRIPS, AND KOSHER RESTAURANT DELIVERY! – ELI DUBAN, DRIVER
Competitive rates, excellent service.  Contact Eli at 206-771 2670 JRideSeattle@gmail.com
 


REBBE’S SICHO -  BECHUKOTAI
https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2470439/jewish/Bechukosai.htm ©SichosInEnglish.org

The opening phrase of the Torah, Im bechukosai teileichu, “If you proceed in My statutes,” is interpreted by our Rabbis as follows:

Is the intent the performance of the mitzvos? The continuation [of the verse] “and are careful to keep My commandments” pertains to the mitzvos. What then is the intent of “If you proceed in My statutes”? That you labor in the study of Torah.

Postulating that the phrase is referring to the study of Torah, however, presents a difficulty because of the term bechukosai. The root of that term, chok, refersto mitzvos whose motivating principle transcends understanding. As Rashi states: “It is a decree... you have no permission to question [the reason for its observance].” Torah study, however, involves comprehension and understanding, giving man the opportunity to intellectually grasp and identify with G‑d’s truth.

There is, however,another way of interpreting the term bechukosai, seeing itas related to the word chakikah, meaning “engraving.” According to this understanding, the implication of referring to Torah study with the word bechukosai is that we must labor in the study of Torah until the words are engraved within us.

The advantage of engraving over writing is not merely that engraved letters are united with the surface unto which they are carved, for this is also true with regard to written letters. Although letters written on parchment are not part of the parchment itself, they become one with the parchment.

Instead, the advantage of engraving is that the letters are not an independent entity. Their existence cannot be separated from the object onto which they have been engraved; the two form one integral whole.

This is the lesson the term bechukosai communicates with regard to the study of Torah. The intent is not merely that a Jew who studies the Torah should be united with the subject matter. Instead, the phrase teaches that a person must engrave the Torah he studies within his very being. Studying in a manner resembling writing — in which two separate entities come together — is not sufficient. Instead, one must study in a manner that resembles engraving; the student ceases to see himself as an independent entity, rather, his entire existence is the Torah.

This approach was exemplified by Moshe our teacher, the first recipient of the Torah. His bittul, self-nullification, was so great that he identified totally with G‑dliness, saying “I will grant grass....” The word “I” refers to G‑d, and yet it was uttered by Moshe because “the Divine Presence spoke from his throat.” Every person can, in microcosm, bring about that degree of identification with G‑dliness through Torah study. When he understands a Torah concept, he can appreciate how his mind has become one with the G‑dly idea that he is studying.

Looking to the Horizon

This Torah reading contains the verse: “I will remove beasts of prey from the land.” The commentaries interpret this as a reference to the era of Mashiach, because in the present gestalt, there have been and always will be beasts of prey.

Among the concepts derived from this verse: There is a difference of opinion among our Sages if there will be outright miracles in the era of Mashiach or not. The Rabbis who maintain that there will be such miracles use this verse as a prooftext to prove their assertion, for the removal of beasts of prey is certainly a miracle that transcends the limits of nature. Others, however, maintain that the verse is merely an analogy: the beasts of prey represent the gentile nations that prey on the Jewish people. The intent is that in the era of Mashiach, they will dwell peacefully with the Jews.

The conception which understands this as a prophecy of miracles is a subject of expanded discussion. What exactly will that miracle be? One view maintains that the beasts of prey will cease to exist. Another maintains that the beasts of prey will continue to exit, but their predatory nature will cease, as the verse states: “The lion will lie down with the lamb.” This represents the ultimate perfection of the era of Mashiach: that the undesirable entities will be transformed into good, not merely banished from existence.

Behar | 19-26 Iyar, 5779

Erev Shabbos, Fri May 24th 
Shacharis: 7  AM
Mincha/Candles  8:32 PM 
Maariv 9:29 PM /COUNT OMER #35/

Shabbos, Sat May 25th 
Shacharis: 9:30 AM 
Mincha 8:32 PM. Pirkei Avos Chapter 4.  Seuda Slishit Lite.
Maariv/Havdalah 9:42 /COUNT OMER #36/

Weekday Services
Sun Shacharis 9 AM 
Mon -Fri Shacharis 7 AM 
Mincha 8:40 pm
Maariv and Sefira bezomano  (Sun 9:32 PM to Thu 9:36 PM) /COUNT #37-41/

PRE-SHABBOS FARBRENGEN 6 PM
In the CSTL Social Hall. In honor of the yahrzeit of Rabbi Meir ("Maharam") of Rothenburg (1293)

KIDDUSH SPONSORS 
Kiddush lite.   So far, no sponsor for cholent.

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
Visit our web site 
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status or to sign up for text alerts North Seattle Eruv status flag on the NE 65th Street side of CSTL: Green flag means the Eruv is up, Red flag the Eruv is down.

LIKUTEI TORAH/TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class.

RABBI MENDY’S SICHO CLASS – SHABBOS AFTERNOON 7:30 PM
One hour before Shabbos mincha.

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am – 12:30 pm /TBD
Info: Liz Roth-Jacobovitz: 
elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10 am – Noon /TBD
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM 
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –Sundays following 9am Shacharis
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

Weekly History Class for Women with Chanie Levitin Tue 7:30 pm
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info, 
chanielevitin@gmail.com

Talmud Class - Mesechet SANHEDRIN with Rabbi Mendy Levitn 
Please contact Shuky Meyer at +1-347-761-2134 to be added to the whatsapp group, for updated time and location

CAMP GAN ISRAEL SEATTLE July  1st – Aug 9th. – REGISTER NOW
Register at 
www.campganisraelseattle.org This summer at Camp Gan Israel Seattle, we will be focusing on discovering the hidden talents within every single camper.. Looking forward to giving your child the best summer experience. With questions, call or text Rabbi Kavka 206-730-2775

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion Kitz Gabbai Kiddush,
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS 

MMSC Annual Fundraising Dinner Tue June 4th 6:15 AM At Melrose Market Studios, 1532 Minor Avenue. Register to attend or sponsor at www.mmscgala.com by May 31st. An evening of Cocktails, Hors D'oeuvres, and Comedy by world-renowned comedian, Mark Schiff! Featuring a top-shelf open bar throughout the evening, along with delicious Hors d'oeuvres catered by www.seattlekoshercatering.com Info: Levi at (206) 898 -9361, rabbi@chabadcapitolhill.org 

Second Annual "One People, One Heart" Community Event, JUN 24th Keynote speaker will be former Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau. More info: www.chabadofseattle.org 

ERENSYA SEPHARDIC DESSERT RECEPTION– 7 PM MON MAY 27 Congregation Ezra Bessaroth is proud to host a special evening of Sephardic history, culture, & Art. The program will include a dessert reception with special guests Aron Hasson of the Rhodes Jewish Historical Foundation and delegates from Sephardic Communities around the world. The award winning exhibit on Jewish Life on Rhodes will be on display for this one night only. This evening is free & open to the community. www.ezrabessaroth.net 

Behind Enemy Lines with Marthe Cohn Mon Jun 3rd 7 PM Hear an incredible story of courage, faith, and espionage. Holocaust survivor Marthe Cohn gathered intelligence about Nazi troop movements behind enemy lines by posing as a German nurse. She was later awarded France's highest military honor. Presented by Chabad of Kirkland. At Lake Washington High School ( Kirkland) www.jewishkirkland.com 

Cardozo Jewish Lawyer Society – Thu June 6th 6 PM Honoring Professor Eric Schnapper, recipient of the 2019 L'Dor V'Dor Award for his contributions to the Jewish and legal communities of Washington State. Professor Schnapper teaches civil rights, civil procedure, and employment discrimination law at the UW School of Law. 

Shalom Baby Baskets Available for every Jewish baby in the Seattle area, sponsored by Jewish Community Center. https://sjcc.org/events-classes/families/shalom-baby/ To register, call Talya Kurland, 206-388-0828. The Shalom Baby basket is suitable for children ages birth through age 2. 

Camp Yavneh 2019 Registration now open for Camp Yavneh. Staff applications now available at www.campyavnehseattle.com 

New Seattle Jewish Event Calendar http://seattlejewishuniverse.org/ 

SEATTLE SEPHARDIC LEGACIES – SUN JUNE 2 AT 2PM AT THE UW HUB Trace the journey of Seattle’s Sephardic Jews from the Ottoman Empire to the Pacific Northwest through the letters, documents, books, and material artifacts transported from the Mediterranean world to the Puget Sound. Get a glimpse of the diverse and rich libraries of Ladino literature that they established right here in Seattle to transmit Ladino culture to future generations. Presented by UW Sephardic Studies. For more information contact Ty Alhadeff, at tda2@uw.edu. Sunday, June 2nd from 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM at the HUB 160: Lyceum, 4001 E Stevens Way NE Seattle, WA 98195 

Federation Annual Meeting Thu June 20th 7 PM The Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle invites you to our 2019 Annual Meeting to honor community award recipients and learn about Federation's impact on our community. At Stroum JCC - Mercer Island www.JewishinSeattle.org 

Sephardic Lecture Series At Sephardic Bikur Holim. www.SBHSeattle.org (206) 723-3028 

Mercaz Shavuaton JUNE 7th – 10th At Camp Salomon Schechter. www.MercazSeattle.org 

AIRPORT , LOCAL TRIPS, AND KOSHER RESTAURANT DELIVERY! – ELI DUBAN, DRIVER Competitive rates, excellent service. Contact Eli at 206-771-2670 JRideSeattle@gmail.com 


REBBE’S SICHO - BEHAR
https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2470438/jewish/Behar.htm © SichosInEnglish.org 

This week’s Torah reading describes the mitzvah of the Jubilee year. During the Jubilee, land that was part of a person’s ancestral heritage and which he had sold would be returned to him. To explain: When the Jews entered Eretz Yisrael, the land was divided among them, with every person receiving a portion of equal value. The people were then given the opportunity of working the land. Inevitably, some were more successful than others. There were some who failed so severely that they had to sell their land in order to purchase their life necessities. 

As every person was living out his individual life story, the people as a whole were counting years. Every seven years, there was a Sabbatical year when the land would not be worked. After seven Sabbatical year cycles, 49 years, came the Jubilee. At the beginning of that year, any property that had been sold would be returned to its original owner or to his heirs. 

On one hand, this is an amazing opportunity for rebirth and renewal. A person is given a second chance. On the other hand, we all know from experience that when a person is given a second chance, there is a high probability that he will do exactly what he did the first time. After all, his habits are scripted into his psyche to the point that the likelihood of significant change taking place is small. 

Why then the mitzvah of the Jubilee? 

To give a person the opportunity; to invite him to break out of his existing patterns and start something new. 

Moreover, the mitzvah of the Jubilee also points to the inner strength a person possesses that enables him to break out of his previous mode of conduct and make that new start something more than a repetition of past events. 

The Jubilee starts with the sounding of the shofar. In addition to the sounding of the shofaron Rosh HaShanah, the shofar is again sounded on Yom Kippur for the Jubilee. The shofar’s call emanates from the very essence of our being. It is simple, without musical trappings, the essence of a Jew calling out to his Father in Heaven. 

It is from this essential core that a person begins rebuilding in the Jubilee. The essence of a Jew’s soul is an actual part of G-d, infinite, unbounded, and undefined, like G-d Himself. Often, however, this G-dly potential lies latent and the person goes about his daily routine with little change or deviation. The sounding of the shofar calls this G-dly potential into revelation and gives this person the potential to access it and begin living in a different manner entirely. 

Looking to the Horizon 

The seven-year Sabbatical cycle, like the seven-day weekly cycle, alludes to a cycle of greater scope. The history of the world is divided into seven millennia with the seventh millennium — like the Sabbath and the Sabbatical year — to be an era when G-d’s presence will be tangibly felt. To use our Sages’ words: It will be the era that is “the era that is all Sabbath and rest for life everlasting.” 

This is not only a prophecy for the future; it makes us aware of the special time in which we are presently living. If we follow the above conception, in the present age, it’s Friday afternoon, past midday. Now at that time, in Jewish homes, the house begins to take on a Shabbos look. Similarly, at this time, G-d’s home, the world, is beginning to anticipate the era of the Redemption. By opening our eyes to the Messianic dynamics at work in our lives at present, our waiting for Mashiach can be charged with the force of an idea whose time has come. 

Emor – Pesach Sheini – Lag b’Omer | 12-19 Iyar, 5779

Erev Shabbos, Fri May 17th 
Shacharis: 7  AM
Mincha/Candles  8:24 PM 
Maariv 9:20 PM /COUNT OMER #28/

Shabbos, Sat May 18th 
Shacharis: 9:30 AM 
Mincha 8:24 PM. Pirkei Avos Chapter 3.  Seuda Slishit Lite.
Maariv/Havdalah 9:32 /COUNT OMER #29/

Weekday Services
Sun Shacharis 9 AM /Pesach Sheini – No Tachanun – Eat Matzo!
Mon -Fri Shacharis 7 AM 
Mincha 8:35 pm
Maariv and Sefira bezomano  (Sun 9:23 PM to Thu 9:28 PM) /COUNT #30-34/

PRE-SHABBOS FARBRENGEN 6 PM
In the CSTL Social Hall. In honor of the Pesach Sheini !

SPECIAL SUNDAY MORNING KIDS PROGRAM May 19th 10 -11:30 AM
Get this Sunday morning started right! In the CSTL Social Hall. For Kids 6 and up. Davening, Cookies and Milk. Followed by sign making and drum practice for Lag Ba'omer Children's Marching. Looking forward to seeing you there - Rabbi Herbstman

KIDDUSH SPONSORS /KIDDUSH LUNCH
Thank you to Dr. Vernon and Liz Neppe for sponsoring kiddush lunch and cholent in honor of their grandchildren.  The delicious meat cholent is made by Rabbi Mendy Levitin.

PESACH SHEINI "Second Passover" SUN MAY 19th 
A year after the Exodus (1312 BCE), G-d instructed the people of Israel to bring the Passover offering on the afternoon of Nissan 14, and to eat it that evening, roasted over the fire, together with matzah and bitter herbs, as they had done on the previous year just before they left Egypt. "There were, however, certain persons who had become ritually impure through contact with a dead body, and could not, therefore, prepare the Passover offering on that day. They approached Moses and Aaron ... and they said: '...Why should we be deprived, and not be able to present G-d's offering in its time, amongst the children of Israel?'" (Numbers 9). In response to their plea, G-d established the 14th of Iyar as a "second Passover" (pesach sheini) for anyone who was unable to bring the offering on its appointed time in the previous month. The day thus represents the "second chance" achieved by teshuvah the power of repentance and "return." In the words of Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak of Lubavitch, "The Second Passover means that it's never a 'lost case.'" 
www.chabad.org/calendar

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
Visit our web site 
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status or to sign up for text alerts North Seattle Eruv status flag on the NE 65th Street side of CSTL: Green flag means the Eruv is up, Red flag the Eruv is down.

ANNUAL LAG b’OMER PARADE & PICNIC  - 5 PM THU MAY 23rd 
Details to follow. The adorable Children's Drum Parade is organized by Rabbi Emlin and Rabbi Herbstman!!! BBQ with Master Berel Pedowitz. All the wonderful supporters and volunteers, we neeeeeeeeeed you! If you can sponsor an activity or part of it, and/or volunteer with set up, food prep, cashier, clean up - we will be forever  grateful. Call 206- 730-2775 if you can help.  Sponsored by CSTL and Camp Gan Israel.

LIKUTEI TORAH/TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class.

RABBI MENDY’S SICHO CLASS – SHABBOS AFTERNOON 7:25 PM
One hour before Shabbos mincha.

JEWISH WOMEN’S CIRCLE EXCLUSIVE SCREENING – SUN MAY 19th 7 PM
At CSTL.  Featuring Wine & Chocolate, and a private screening of “93Queen”. 
http://tinyurl.com/93queenScreening Info:  mherbstman@gmail.com 

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am – 12:30 pm /TBD
Info: Liz Roth-Jacobovitz: elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10 am – Noon /TBD
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM 
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –Sundays following 9am Shacharis
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

Weekly History Class for Women with Chanie Levitin Tue 7:30 pm
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info, 
chanielevitin@gmail.com

CAMP GAN ISRAEL SEATTLE July  1st – Aug 9th. – REGISTER NOW
Register at 
www.campganisraelseattle.org This summer at Camp Gan Israel Seattle, we will be focusing on discovering the hidden talents within every single camper.. Looking forward to giving your child the best summer experience. With questions, call or text Rabbi Kavka 206-730-2775

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion Kitz Gabbai Kiddush,
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS

Second Annual "One People, One Heart" Community Event, JUN 24th 
Keynote speaker will be former Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau. More info: 
www.chabadofseattle.org

"Pray Like You Mean It"  Mon May 20th 8 PM 
Class by Rabbi Rafi Mollot for Men & Women at the Seattle Kollel

Brothers For Life Community Shabbat Dinner, MAY 17th 7 pm at SBH.
Honoring our injured Israeli Soldiers. Co-sponsored by BCMH, Ezra Bessaroth, Ohr Chadash, IAC Seattle, and Sephardic Bikur Cholim 
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/bfl-shabbat-dinner-tickets-59613348129

ERENSYA SEPHARDIC DESSERT RECEPTION– 7 PM MON MAY 27
Congregation Ezra Bessaroth is proud to host a special evening of Sephardic history, culture, & Art. The program will include a dessert reception with special guests Aron Hasson of the Rhodes Jewish Historical Foundation and delegates from Sephardic Communities around the world. The award winning exhibit on Jewish Life on Rhodes will be on display for this one night only.  This evening is free & open to the community.
www.ezrabessaroth.net

Camp Yavneh 2019 
Registration now open for Camp Yavneh. Staff applications now available at 
www.campyavnehseattle.com    

SEATTLE SEPHARDIC LEGACIES – SUN JUNE 2 AT 2PM AT THE UW HUB
Trace the journey of Seattle’s Sephardic Jews from the Ottoman Empire to the Pacific Northwest through the letters, documents, books, and material artifacts transported from the Mediterranean world to the Puget Sound. Get a glimpse of the diverse and rich libraries of Ladino literature that they established right here in Seattle to transmit Ladino culture to future generations. Presented by UW Sephardic Studies. For more information contact Ty Alhadeff, at tda2@uw.edu. Sunday, June 2nd from 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM at the HUB 160: Lyceum, 4001 E Stevens Way NE  Seattle, WA 98195

Sephardic Lecture Series 
At Sephardic Bikur Holim. 
www.SBHSeattle.org (206) 723-3028

StandWithUs Northwest SUN MAY 19th 6 PM
"Leaders of Tomorrow" Gala Dinner Downtown Seattle, 6 pm Cocktail Reception / 7 pm Dinner & Program. Keynote speaker, Colonel Richard Kemp. 
www.standwithus.com/SeattleGala2019 

Mercaz Shavuaton JUNE 7th – 10th 
At Camp Salomon Schechter.  
www.MercazSeattle.org

AIRPORT , LOCAL TRIPS, AND KOSHER RESTAURANT DELIVERY! – ELI DUBAN, DRIVER
Competitive rates, excellent service.  Contact Eli at 206-771-2670 JRideSeattle@gmail.com


REBBE’S SICHO -  EMOR
https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2470437/jewish/Emor.htm ©SichosInEnglish.org

This Torah reading contains a description of the festivals G‑d commands the Jewish people to celebrate. It begins with the festival of Pesach, for that is when our people became a nation. The next holiday mentioned is the holiday of Shavuos. But unlike all the other holidays mentioned in this passage, a specific date is not mentioned for Shavuos. Instead of specifying the day on which the holiday should be celebrated, the Torah gives us the mitzvah of Counting the Omer and states that on the fiftieth day of the Counting of the Omer, Shavuos should be observed. (That indeed is the source for the name Shavuos. Shavuos means “weeks.” After seven weeks, 49 days, the fiftieth day serves as a holiday.)

The Counting of the Omer does more than chronologically bridge the gap between Pesach and Shavuos. The spiritual import of the mitzvah enables the two holidays to complement each other. On Pesach, “the King of kings, the Holy One, blessed be He, was revealed” to the Jewish people. They, however, were not able to internalize the revelation for they were still sullied by the impurity that had become attached to them through the years of Egyptian exile. As our Rabbis say: “It took G‑d one moment to take the Jews out of Egypt, but forty years to take Egypt out of the Jews.”

Moreover, in a complete sense, “taking Egypt out of the Jews” — i.e., the personal refinement the Jews must undergo — must come from their own efforts and not from a revelation from Above. This defines the nature of the Divine service prescribed for the Counting of the Omer:to refine and elevate our personalities. The 49 days of the Counting of the Omer correspond to the 49 dimensions of our personalities. (According to Kabbalah,our emotions are made up of seven different qualities. These seven interrelate with each other producing a total of 49. The Divine service of Counting the Omer involves polishing and developing each of these potentials.)

Chassidicthought sets out an entirely new set of parameters for this task. Not only must we abandon our undesirable character traits and polish the positive ones, we must focus on conquering our fundamental self-concern, the dimension of our personalities labeled as yeshus, self-concern. At that point, our emotions no longer focus on “what I want” and “what I feel,” but they become aligned with the middos Elyonus, G‑d’s emotional qualities, and reflect them. That is the inner meaning of the term sefirah. Not only does it mean “counting,” it also means “shining forth.” A person is given the potential to beam forth G‑dly light.

Looking to the Horizon

The Torah reading begins with a command to the priests to avoid the impurity stemming from contact with a human corpse. Impurity is not evil. On the contrary, burying a corpse is a great mitzvah and yet a person who does so becomes impure. It is, however, a result of the descent experienced by mankind after the Sin of the Tree of Knowledge. Before that sin, man was intended to live forever. The body and the soul would function in utter harmony. The sin, however, brought about the potential for the separation of the body and the soul — death. The vacuum created by that separation is the source of impurity.

In the era of the Redemption, “I will cause the spirit of impurity to depart from the earth.” Man will return to an Eden-like existence. Indeed, it will be more than a return to Eden, for in the Ultimate Future, it will be revealed that the body has a higher spiritual source than the soul. In the present era, the body derives its vitality from the soul and dies when the connection between the two is severed. In the Ultimate Future, the soul will derive its vitality from the body and appreciate the transcendent G‑dliness invested in material existence.

Kedoshim | 5-12 Iyar, 5779

Erev Shabbos, Fri May 10th 
Shacharis: 7  AM
Mincha/Candles  8:16 PM 
Maariv 9:10 PM /COUNT OMER #21/

Shabbos, Sat May 11th 
Shacharis: 9:30 AM
Mincha 8:16 PM
Maariv/Havdalah 9:21 /COUNT OMER #22/

Weekday Services
Sun Shacharis 9 AM 
Mon -Fri Shacharis 7 AM 
Mincha 8:30 pm
Maariv and Sefira bezomano  (Sun 9:13 PM to Thu 9:19 PM) /COUNT #23-27/

PRE-SHABBOS FARBRENGEN 6 PM
In the CSTL Social Hall. In honor of the Yahrzeit of Rabbi Levi ben Gershom (Ralbag, aka Gersonides), author of a popular commentary on the Torah, 6 Iyar, 1344 
www.ou.org

KIDDUSH SPONSORS
Kiddush Lite.  The delicious meat cholent is sponsored by Paul and Tamar Azous and made by Rabbi Mendy, Levitin.

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
For current status of the North Seattle Eruv, please check the flag on the NE 65th Street side of CSTL, (green flag means the Eruv is up, red flag the Eruv is down), CSTL eNews, or the Vaad eNews. Visit our web site
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status.

LIKUTEI TORAH/TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class.

RABBI MENDY’S SICHO CLASS – SHABBOS AFTERNOON 7:15 PM
One hour before Shabbos mincha.

JEWISH WOMEN’S CIRCLE EXCLUSIVE SCREENING – SUN MAY 19th 7 PM
At CSTL.  Featuring Wine & Chocolate, and a private screening of “93Queen”. 
http://tinyurl.com/93queenScreening Info:  mherbstman@gmail.com 

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am – 12:30 pm /TBD
Info: Liz Roth-Jacobovitz: elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10 am – Noon /TBD
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM 
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin –Sundays following 9am Shacharis
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

Weekly History Class for Women with Chanie Levitin Tue 7:30 pm
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info, 
chanielevitin@gmail.com

CAMP GAN ISRAEL SEATTLE July  1st – Aug 9th. – REGISTER NOW
Register at 
www.campganisraelseattle.org This summer at Camp Gan Israel Seattle, we will be focusing on discovering the hidden talents within every single camper.. Looking forward to giving your child the best summer experience. With questions, call or text Rabbi Kavka 206-730-2775

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion Kitz Gabbai Kiddush,
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS

"Pray Like You Mean It"  Mon May 13th  & Mon May 20th 8 PM 
Class by Rabbi Rafi Mollot for Men & Women at the Seattle Kollel

Second Annual "One People, One Heart" Community Event, JUN 24th 
Keynote speaker will be former Chief Rabbi of Israel, Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau. More info:
www.chabadofseattle.org

Brothers For Life Community Shabbat Dinner, MAY 17th 7 pm at SBH.
Honoring our injured Israeli Soldiers. Co-sponsored by BCMH, Ezra Bessaroth, Ohr Chadash, IAC Seattle, and Sephardic Bikur Cholim 
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/bfl-shabbat-dinner-tickets-59613348129

Camp Yavneh 2019 
Registration now open for Camp Yavneh. Staff applications now available at 
www.campyavnehseattle.com    

SEATTLE SEPHARDIC LEGACIES – SUN JUNE 2 AT 2PM AT THE UW HUB
Trace the journey of Seattle’s Sephardic Jews from the Ottoman Empire to the Pacific Northwest through the letters, documents, books, and material artifacts transported from the Mediterranean world to the Puget Sound. Get a glimpse of the diverse and rich libraries of Ladino literature that they established right here in Seattle to transmit Ladino culture to future generations. Presented by UW Sephardic Studies. For more information contact Ty Alhadeff, at tda2@uw.edu. Sunday, June 2nd from 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM at the HUB 160: Lyceum, 4001 E Stevens Way NE  Seattle, WA 98195

Sephardic Lecture Series 
At Sephardic Bikur Holim. 
www.SBHSeattle.org (206) 723-3028

AJC EXPERT ON ANTISEMITISM MAY 16th at 7:30 PM
AJC Assistant Director of International Relations Holly Huffnagle who will speak on 'The Viability of Europe’s Jewish Communities in the Face of Rising Antisemitism”. At Ezra Bessaroth. Open to the entire community. No charge for admission, but reservations are required 
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/the-viability-of-europes-jewish-communities-in-the-face-of-rising-antisemitism-registration-58025750582?ms=wb_evt_20190407_AJCSeattle

StandWithUs Northwest SUN MAY 19th 6 PM
"Leaders of Tomorrow" Gala Dinner Downtown Seattle, 6 pm Cocktail Reception / 7 pm Dinner & Program. Keynote speaker, Colonel Richard Kemp. 
www.standwithus.com/SeattleGala2019 

Mercaz Shavuaton JUNE 7th – 10th 
At Camp Salomon Schechter.  
www.MercazSeattle.org

AIRPORT , LOCAL TRIPS, AND KOSHER RESTAURANT DELIVERY! – ELI DUBAN, DRIVER
Competitive rates, excellent service.  Contact Eli at 206-771-2670 JRideSeattle@gmail.com


REBBE’S SICHO -  KEDOSHIM
https://www.sie.org/templates/sie/article_cdo/aid/2470436/jewish/Kedoshim.htm ©SichosInEnglish.org

The Torah teaches: “Do not hate your brother in your heart; reprove your fellow man.... Do not take revenge and do not bear a grudge.... Love your fellowman as yourself.”

Clearly, “Love your fellowman as yourself” is not commanded in the idyllic expectation that no negative feelings will ever arise between one person and another, but in a setting where there is a possibility for hatred and bearing a grudge and yet one doesn’t.

What will prevent such negative feelings from arising? Firstly, the fundamental spiritual unity that ties all men together. One can “love his fellowman as himself,” because essentially, there is no difference between them. We all share the same spiritual essence.

But the passage does not merely rely on lofty spiritual principles. It also suggests an approach that will actually prevent those feelings from affecting our conduct, namely: “Do not hate your brother in your heart; reprove your fellow man.” Negative feelings that are kept in a person’s heart will inevitably breed further negativity. If a person is not at peace with another person in his heart, there is no way that he or she can show genuine love or care for them. Seemingly, any kindness that will be shown will be a sham, an external act without any genuine feeling. Our Sages were extremely critical of people who “say one thing with their mouths and feel another in their hearts,” for integrity lies at the core of all fruitful communication between people.

On the other hand, confronting negativity with negativity is also not desirable. There is no way to fight dirty people without getting soiled somewhat oneself. Moreover, the Torah’s ways are “pleasant ways and all its path are peace.” That’s the way we want our lives to be.

And yet to ignore negativity is also hard. Because it continues to come up and interfere with the positive things that we want do.

Therefore the Torah teaches: “Don’t hold hatred in your heart,” confront the person who disturbed you. Tell him what your feelings are, seek an explanation and work things out. Don’t ignore the provocation and let the ill feelings simmer, but also, don’t respond with rage.

Patiently, talk to the other person. See his or her perspective. Talking straightforwardly to each other will enable the differences to be straightened out and make it possible for the inner love that Jews share to surface.

Looking to the Horizon

What enables people with different perspectives to come together? The realization of truth and purpose that surpasses their own identity. When a person’s selfhood is dwarfed by his realization of a greater goal, he is able to come together with another person even though that person sees the world differently. And as the two work together, they will see that their differences complement and enhance each other, rather than conflict with their self-expression.

Mashiach’s coming will introduce an era when “the earth will be filled with the knowledge of G‑d.” Everyone will be humbled as they reach these levels of awareness. In that state, they will be able to extend themselves to others and join together in unity.

Acharei Mos – Mevarchim Iyar | 28 Nissan – 5 Iyar, 5779

Erev Shabbos, Fri May 3rd 
Shacharis: 7  AM
Mincha/Candles  8:06 PM 
Maariv 8:59 PM /COUNT OMER #14/

Shabbos, Sat May 4th 
Tehilim for Mevarchim Shacharis: 9:30 AM
Mincha 8:06 PM
Maariv/Havdalah 9:10 /COUNT OMER #15/

Weekday Services
Sun Shacharis 9 AM /ROSH CHODESH IYAR
Mon Shacharis 6:50 AM /ROSH CHODESH IYAR
Tue-Fri Shacharis 7 AM 
Mincha 8:20 pm
Maariv and Sefira bezomano  (Sun 9:02 PM to Thu 9:08 PM) /COUNT #16-20/

KIDDUSH
Kiddush in honor of Rosh Chodesh Iyar sponsored by Rabbi Sholom Ber & Mrs. Chanie Levitin, Shimon & Tova Cox, Shmuli & Rosi Tenenhaus, and Rabbi Avi & Rachel Rosenfeld. Delicious meat cholent sponsored by Paul & Tamar Azous, made by Rabbi Mendy Levitin.

THE NORTH SEATTLE ERUV STATUS: -PENDING
For current status of the North Seattle Eruv, please check the flag on the NE 65th Street side of CSTL, (green flag means the Eruv is up, red flag the Eruv is down), CSTL eNews, or the Vaad eNews. Visit our web site
www.twitter.com/cstleruv for current status.

YOM haZIKARON and YOM haATZMAUT – TUE EVE MAY 7th – THU MAY 9th 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yom_HaZikaron 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_Day_(Israel)

https://www.jewishinseattle.org/israel-world-jewry/israel-focused-community-events/nw-israel-fest/ 
https://sjcc.org/arts-ideas/talks/

LIKUTEI TORAH/TORAH OHR WITH RABBI MENDY – 8:45 AM SHABBOS MORNING
All are welcome to this inspiring class.

RABBI MENDY’S SICHO CLASS – SHABBOS AFTERNOON 8 PM
One hour before Shabbos mincha.

JEWISH WOMEN’S CIRCLE EXCLUSIVE SCREENING – SUN MAY 19th 7 PM
At CSTL.  Featuring Wine & Chocolate, and a private screening of “93Queen”. 
http://tinyurl.com/93queenScreening Info:  mherbstman@gmail.com 

CSTL TOT PROGRAM 10:30 am – 12:30 pm /TBD
Info: Liz Roth-Jacobovitz: elizabeth.roth08@gmail.com

CSTL JUNIOR CONGREGATION  10 am – Noon /TBD
RabbiHerbstman@gmail.com

WOMEN’S SUNDAY TEHILLIM AT CSTL – 10 AM 
In the library.  Come say a prayer for those in need. 

Weekly Talmud Class with Rabbi Levitin – Regular Sundays following 9am Shacharis
Gemora Baba Basra with Rabbi Levitin after 9 am Shacharis

Weekly History Class for Women with Chanie Levitin Tue 7:30 pm
At Rebbetzin Levitin’s home, 6519 49th Ave NE.  For more info, chanielevitin@gmail.com

CAMP GAN ISRAEL SEATTLE July  1st – Aug 9th. – REGISTER NOW
Register at 
www.campganisraelseattle.org This summer at Camp Gan Israel Seattle, we will be focusing on discovering the hidden talents within every single camper.. Looking forward to giving your child the best summer experience. With questions, call or text Rabbi Kavka 206-730-2775

KIDDUSH SPONSORSHIPS AVAILABLE
If you would like to sponsor Kiddush at CSTL, please contact Marion Kitz Gabbai Kiddush,
miriamkitz@hotmail.com . Contact Marion to sponsor a Kiddush for a BIRTHDAY, ANNIVERSARY or YAHRZEIT. Please inform Marion by the preceding Sunday evening so that we have time to prepare properly.  Prices: Sponsor $350, co-Sponsor $175, Contributor: $50-$149. Presidential Kiddush $50, Chulent $100.


COMMUNITY NEWS

Camp Yavneh 2019 
Registration now open for Camp Yavneh. Staff applications now available at 
www.campyavnehseattle.com    

JCC SOFTBALL LEAGUE
Team with Ariel Green and Ben Dershowitz sponsored by Leah’s Catering.  Info: 
Bdersho@uw.edu

Sephardic Lecture Series 
At Sephardic Bikur Holim. 
www.SBHSeattle.org (206) 723-3028

Germany Close Up by Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle
The Jewish Federation is taking applications 
www.JewishInSeattle.org

Yom Hashoah Holocaust Remembrance Day Sun May 8th  7:00 pm
At Ezra Bessaroth 
www.EzraBessaroth.net

AJC EXPERT ON ANTISEMITISM MAY 16th at 7:30 PM
AJC Assistant Director of International Relations Holly Huffnagle who will speak on 'The Viability of Europe’s Jewish Communities in the Face of Rising Antisemitism”. At Ezra Bessaroth. Open to the entire community. No charge for admission, but reservations are required 
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/the-viability-of-europes-jewish-communities-in-the-face-of-rising-antisemitism-registration-58025750582?ms=wb_evt_20190407_AJCSeattle

StandWithUs Northwest SUN MAY 19th 6 PM
"Leaders of Tomorrow" Gala Dinner Downtown Seattle, 6 pm Cocktail Reception / 7 pm Dinner & Program. Keynote speaker, Colonel Richard Kemp. 
www.standwithus.com/SeattleGala2019 

CONSIDERING SEEKING SPANISH OR PORTUGUESE CITIZENSHIP? 
Sephardic brethren, have you thought about applying for Spanish or Portuguese citizenship? Ezra Bessaroth can assist. We are available to provide expert consultation and guidance services to interested individuals along with the required confirmation of Sephardic Heritage. For  details please contact Susan at 206-722-5500.

Mercaz Shavuaton JUNE 7th – 10th 
At Camp Salomon Schechter.  
www.MercazSeattle.org

AIRPORT , LOCAL TRIPS, AND KOSHER RESTAURANT DELIVERY! – ELI DUBAN, DRIVER
Competitive rates, excellent service.  Contact Eli at 206-771-2670 JRideSeattle@gmail.com


REBBE’S SICHO -  SHEVI’I SHEL PESACH
https://www.chabad.org/therebbe/article_cdo/aid/2600669/jewish/Acharon-Shel-Pesach-22nd-Day-of-Nissan-5740-1980.htm ©SichosInEnglish.org

When a variety of Jews, each one representing a different sector of the total Jewish community, meet together, their intent should be to rise above their own personal existences. As the Torah states in Devarim, “You are all standing before G‑d:1 “your Heads, your leaders...(mentioning ten different categories including even).your wood-choppers and water carriers.” (1)

The intent of that verse is to define the collectiveness of the Jewish people as one singular entity. Even so, the ten different categories are mentioned (and the verb ‘Nitzavim’ (standing) and the pronoun ‘Kulchem’ (you) are in the plural) to accentuate the awareness that the unity of the Jewish people does not stand in opposition to plurality. Rather, it recognizes the particular perspective of each individual and that it is applicable to him within the context of his own experience.

The potential for the existence of such a unity among the Jewish people is derived from the Absolute Unity of G‑d Himself. Though G‑d’s unity is the Absolute of Oneness, nevertheless, in creation of the world, He chose not to reveal that oneness as it is for itself, but to bring into being a multitude of creations, each one with an individual identity and importance — each one as a particular expression of G‑d’s greatness. When contemplating the vast multitude of different creations, one is moved to feelings of awe at G‑d’s infinity. These feelings are communicated in the verse recited every day in the morning service “How great are Your deeds, O G‑d.” (2)

These two concepts, viz., G‑d’s Absolute Unity and the seemingly infinite amount of created beings, while on the surface contradictory, are, in fact, inter-dependent. As the Mitteler Rebbe explains in ‘Toras Chaim’, only an Absolute Unity can produce an unlimited amount of creations.’ (3)

Therefore, though on the surface, the world appears to be of a limited nature and every creation limited to a specific and defined existence, in truth, however, when you consider the vast multitude of creations, and perceive how (to the degree possible under the limitations of space) their number approaches infinity (particularly, if you take into account their potential for reproduction), then you become aware of the G‑dly power invested in creation, and perceive how the world reflects G‑d’s infinity.

This concept of a fusion between unity and infinite difference is reflected in the general composition of the human race. Though a basic similarity is common to all men, insomuch that they share the same physical features, body structure, etc., nevertheless, no two men are exactly alike. Marked differences exist in their appearances, attitudes, dispositions, etc.

Both of these factors, viz., the basic similarity, and the unending variety are expressions of oneness. Both directly (through similarity) and indirectly (through infinite difference, as explained above) one can perceive G‑d’s Absolute Unity. By simultaneously combining two opposites in one place, the divine attribute of Ultimate Transcendency is revealed.2

2. The Temple in Jerusalem revealed this attribute of Ultimate Transcendency in the world par excellence. The different sections of the Temple varied in their holiness, and correspondingly, they varied in the degree to which they revealed G‑d’s Ultimate Transcendency. In the Holy of Holies, the most complete expression of Ultimate Transcendency was manifest. The room’s very construction (as explained below) testified to G‑d’s power.

In the Temple in general, and in the Holy of Holies in particular, precise measure was of extreme importance. If an object did not carefully adhere to the measure specified for it, it did not qualify for Temple use. The measure of the Eastern Wall of the Holy of Holies was as follows: 10 cubits from the northern wall to the ark, 2 1/4 cubits the length of the ark, and ten cubits from the ark to the southern wall. Yet the entire span from the northern wall to the southern wall measured only 20 cubits. The ark stood as an open and revealed manifestation of G‑d’s Ultimate Transcendency.

As the Talmud explains “from the Temple emanated light to the entire world,” (4) i.e., through the revelation of G‑dliness in the Temple, we can become aware of and learn to appreciate the true nature of the world’s existence.

In fact, the world is a “Dirah Batachtonim,” G‑d’s dwelling place. The very same qualities of Ultimate Transcendency revealed in the Temple are present throughout the whole of creation. However, in the world, these elements are hidden, (due to specific divine intention) in order that a Jew demonstrate how Torah has shaped his mind. Despite the lack of revelation, the Jew realizes the world’s true nature and does what is dependent on him (through his service of Torah and Mitzvos) to bring about the revelation of those qualities in the world.

Each act of Torah and Mitzvos brings about the revelation of G‑d’ Absolute Unity in the world. Though, presently, that revelation is not apparent, yet, man’s lack of perception does not diminish the effects of a Jew’s service. The Messianic redemption will demonstrate how a Jew’s Torah activity caused an open expression of G‑d’s Absolute Unity.

3. This concept of transcendency is reflected in man himself. Each man possesses 613 organs (365 sinews, 248 limbs). Each organ has a specific function, an individual identity, and a unique importance. However, each individuals’ personal identity dominates the functioning of his body. The separate organs all combine and join together in unified activity.

Similarly, the Talmud Yerushalmi (5) compares the totality of the Jewish people to the human body. Though composed of different and individual entities, the entire nation is joined together by a common identity. This common denominator and the unity between Jews it produces, comes to the fore when many and different Jews meet together (as here tonight).

For this reason, the Ari Hakodesh, Rav Isaac Luria, writes that before prayer you should fully accept upon yourself the commandment, “Love your neighbor as yourself.” (6) Before beginning your daily activities,3 you should re-affirm you commitment to unite yourself with the entire Jewish people.

Prayer is not meant to be self-contained. Its effects should be evident in the behavior during the ensuing day. When observing a Jew conducting his daily affairs, you should be able to recognize that he has davenned (and davenned in a manner that a Jew should daven).

Therefore, the acceptance of the Mitzvah of ‘Ahavas Yisrael’ made before prayer should also influence one’s daily activities. In fact, then the stress on Ahavas Yisrael should be greater. In davenning, the concept is still abstract. In life, business, interpersonal communication, and eating, etc., you come into contact with other people and the expression of Ahavas Yisrael has to be concrete.

With this concept, particularly emphasizing the Yerushalmi’s comparison of the totality of the Jewish people to the human body, the Jew carries out his daily activities. Through expressing Ahavas Yisrael in even his mundane and routine affairs, in his everyday practicalities, he reveals in the world and to the world, G‑d’s Absolute Unity.

4. Since this service of Ahavas Yisrael and the other Torah and Mitzvos activities affect the world and reveal within the world G‑d’s Absolute Oneness, it follows that as that work proceeds, its effects cause the world itself to demand that it serve as vessel to reveal G‑d’s oneness.

The business world provides a suitable example. The history of business illustrates how the world has progressed from individuality towards unity. Previously, private companies had dominated the business world. Success was a product of man’s individual efforts.

Modern business reversed this trend, opting for corporate entities, combining the efforts of many. This pattern has allowed for increased coordination of the various stages of production, cut expenses, and added to the available markets. Though the Yetzer Haraargued such cooperation (and the decrease in fraud, theft, etc. which accompanies it) would lower profits, experience shows it maximizes them, demonstrating how unity has become part of the world’s internal system.

The evolutionary pattern undergone by the business world was paralleled in the sphere of science.4 A similar process of growth, emphasizing how G‑d’s Absolute Oneness has influenced the world, can be noticed (and to a greater degree, because science deals with the world abstractly).

Accordingly, the modern approach in science has been to seek theories of greater range, to search for a common denominator applicable in various, different situations. Likewise, an attempt has been made to cross disciplinary lines, to relate concepts from one field to a totally foreign area (e.g., physics to biology). Parallelisms and associations have been made between seemingly separate bodies of knowledge which has allowed for growth and advancement.

The closer we are drawn to the coming of the Mashiach, the more science has been able to demonstrate how an innate oneness (explained by Torah to be the oneness of G‑d) permeates every aspect of the universe.5

(This radically different approach in science was foreseen in the Zohar’s prophecy “In the 600th year (of the sixth millennium) the well-springs of knowledge will open.” (7) At that time, there was an explosion of knowledge in the realm of Torah study which produced in turn, an explosion of knowledge in the sciences — allowing for the perception of oneness described above.)

5. The awareness of how plurality does not contradict (on the contrary helps express) unity (as explained above) should help a Jew appreciate the unity present when a number of Jews meet together.6 Even though they appear different, these differences are only superficial. In reality, all Jews, irrespective of their social or religious strata, are unified standing before G‑d:

At that point, as the verse say, we “join into a covenant with the L‑rd, your G‑d.” (8) A covenant is made by one taking an animal, dividing it into two separate halves, and then passing between them. The action expresses the concept that the two principals of the covenant become one entity. They may become divided, but only superficially, as the essential connection remains. Similarly, by entering into a covenant with G‑d the Jew becomes one with the Divine, in the prophet’s words “a part of G‑d from above.”

6. This discussion concerning the unification of seemingly separate entities is uniquely appropriate to the present time. This present occasion is itself a composite of different and even contradictory elements (each one with a powerful and significant individual lesson).

First of all, it is Motzaei Shabbos, itself a combination of seemingly opposite facets. It is still related to Shabbos. It is the time of Melaveh Malkah, accompanying and enjoying the last moment of connection to the Shabbos queen.7 Simultaneously, it is no longer Shabbos as the Melaveh Malkah begins after Havdalah. The Shabbos mood has .already given way to the hustle-bustle atmosphere of the working week.

Then, it is Rosh Chodesh — which follows a pattern different and even contradictory to the Shabbos-weekday cycle. That cycle is dependent on the Sun, while, according to the Jewish calendar the months are set according to the phases of the moon. Therein lies the contradiction the sun is the generator of energy, the moon its receiver.

Moreover, though today is called Rosh Chodesh, the beginning of the month of Iyar, its calendar date is the thirtieth of Nissan. The joining together of the two months Nissan and Iyar is also a combination of two opposites. There is a specific quality of service to G‑d for each month. And the qualities designated for Nissan and Iyar differ greatly.

Nissan is called the month of redemption. That name, however, itself indicates a connection to Galus (the very fact that there is a need to specify redemption implies a connection to Galus). In spiritual terms, this refers to the service of “Iscafia” — bending one’s nature, i.e., there is still evil in existence, but you control and dominate that evil.

Iyar, on the other hand, describes a state of freedom in which Galus never enters consideration. The first redemption, the Exodus from Egypt, serves as an example. On the seventh day of Passover, the Egyptians (representing the source of all Galus) drowned in the Red Sea. In the following month of Iyar a new service, “Is-hap-cha,” began, the transformation into G‑dliness of all one’s behavioral traits.

Finally, this Shabbos marks the completion of the Pesach Holiday. Just as in a physical sense the achievements of the week are enjoyed on Shabbos, similarly, in a spiritual sense, the Shabbos completes and perfects the Jew’s service of the preceding week. Even the Shabbos before,8 in this case, the last day of Passover, is affected and elevated by the ensuing Shabbos.

As explained above, though all these elements are different, one line runs through all of them. In every case, they express the greatness of Torah and the greatness of a Jew, which both parallel the greatness of G‑d. Therefore, they possess the powers of Ultimate Transcendency necessary to combine many seemingly opposite forces by revealing their common denominator, i.e., the divine energy which permeates the<entire creation.

7. A practical lesson should result from every concept. We are leaving the month of Nissan, the first month of the year,9 the month of freedom (the source for the freedom-; being G‑d’s Ultimate Transcendency) and entering the remainder of the year. We should try to bring that freedom into contact with the world to connect that Ultimate Transcendency with practical, daily affairs and mundane matters.

The first step in such a course of behavior is Ahavas Yisrael. Through revealing the unity among Jews we reveal the unity in the world. Proceeding to Chinuch, which means educating a person according to Torah which leads to Tefillin, and Mezuzah (performing these Mitzvos is considered by the Talmud to be equivalent to performing the entire Torah). (9) Such action will cause G‑d to lend heavenly assistance which is channeled into the world through Tzedakah, so that the entire world becomes a dwelling place for G‑d, and becomes Melah Seforim filled with divine light.

This light is in turn expressed by Neiros Shabbos Kodesh, whose purpose is to illuminate the home which is purified, refined, and made holy through following Kashrus and Taharas Hamishpachah.

When this service is completed in each individual house, the revelation will spread throughout the entire world, G‑d’s house and dwelling place — “Dirah Bitachtonim,” and bring about the coming of Mashiach, speedily in our days.

8. It is proper to begin with that which is most important. In the Talmud our sages clearly stated, “Deed is the most essential.” (10) Even though thought and speech are more refined means of self-expression, our sages put their stress on Deed.

Now, the present circumstances clearly point to the deeds most necessary. In America and other countries, the summer, and with it, school vacation, are soon approaching. Already parents have begun making preparations to enroll their child in a day camp, sleeping camp, etc.

It is understandable that it is difficult to convince a parent to make a change once a decision has been made. The opposite is also true. Before a parent has decided, they are open-minded and can be convinced to send their child to a Torah-oriented school or camp.

The stress on camp is even greater than on school, because in many ways more can be accomplished in the brief time a child is at camp than during an entire year at school. There are two reasons for this paradoxical phenomenon. Firstly, in school, a significant part of the day is devoted to secular subjects, while in camp the child can be involved 24 hours a day with Jewish study, play, and rest. He can be involved in a Jewish atmosphere without being disturbed by anything, even permitted things, which is outside the realm of Torah.

Secondly, a school is only a few hours a day, and camp can be, if possible, a complete and total experience, embracing 24 hours a day. Once a child is submerged totally in an environment, it will change his entire thinking process. He can become a totally different personality. Torah can become alive for him. (As it says in Parshas Acharei (the portion which we read this Shabbos, “VeChay Bohem” — “You shall live in them.” (11)10

Therefore, there should be a stress on Jewish education, particularly camps. Especially since we have drawn one year closer to the coming of Mashiach, it is proper to make every effort to ensure that not one Jewish child suffer the “Galus” of a non-Torah-oriented educational system. Even if that system does not oppose Torah, still, if that system is not Torah oriented, it is not fit for a Jewish child.

9. The last statement can be best understood when viewed in the light of the Baal Shem Tov’s description of the Jew’s relationship to G‑d as that of an only son born to a King in his old age. Just as in physical things, the King’s son is treated with utmost care, and given only the best, so, too, and even to a greater degree, in spiritual matter (for these nourish both the body and the soul) must extreme care be taken to ensure what is most appropriate, and in this case, a Torah-oriented education must be received by each and every Jewish child.

The above is particularly true in the early childhood years when, as is well known, an individual’s behavioral pattern is fixed. The physical example of a seed expresses this concept clearly. When a seed is first planted, the slightest things done to improve its condition result in major changes in the tree, its fruit, and the trees which will grow from its fruit in later years.

A parallel phenomenon can be seen in the growth of a child. Anything which can be done to improve his early years, even when it is only for a brief period (the three weeks the child is in camp or even less (or even if the child already goes to a good camp, but there is the possibility of sending him to a better one ) ), will result in greater changes at a later date. In Midrash, it says, do not weigh the Mitzvos, (12) considering which one is more important, which one less, but fulfill them all equally, with the same sense of commitment. Similarly, regardless of the unapparent immediate effect on the child (particularly when just like in the example of the seed, the positive efforts are not seen immediately), each small step to improve his Jewish education is of extreme importance.

10. The stress on taking major strides in Jewish education is particularly appropriate after the Pesach Holiday. The literal translation of Pesach — is G‑d “jumped.” Since a Jew follows in a pattern of “Imatio Deo” — as it says Tzaddikim (which applies to every Jew) are similar to their creator, (13) it follows that every Jew has the power to “jump” from his previously established habits to a new pattern. He has the potential to make unlimited progress, to leave Egypt — his boundaries and limitations — and proceed to redemption “B’yod Romah” — with proudly up-raised hands.

Since G‑d gives the potential for such progress, the Jew has the obligation to use it. Wasting the power which G‑d granted is a sign of disrespect. Therefore, since a Jew, according to Halachah, is sure to do what is correct (particularly after Pesach, when as a nation, and as individuals the Jew is reborn and is considered a new child, unaffected by his past), we can be sure of unlimited progress, proceeding on a path of unlimited growth.

This will lead to the child’s enjoyment of a healthy summer, and a successful summer (all because it is a ‘Jewish’ summer.)

Similarly we can see how Torah produces success from the Mishnayos of Pirkei Avos(which is customarily studied between Passover and Shavuos). At the outset, it proclaims that each Jew has a share in the world to come. Directly after this proclamation, we are instructed how to actualize that share, through the three pillars upon which the world stands: Torah, Avodah, and Gemilus Chassadim, (14) which describe the totality of a Jew’s service in Torah and Mitzvos.

After the entire chapter develops these concepts, it concludes with the statement that G‑d gave the Jews the Torah as a Zechus (a merit, a privilege) not as a burden, or a difficulty, and He gave them therefore a multitude of Mitzvos.

11. With this attitude, we can proceed to receive the Torah on Shavuos, particularly after the preparatory (preparation to serve G‑d is also service) period of Sefiras HaOmer.

And then “you shall for yourselves count seven perfect weeks,” (15) each person can make his weeks perfect and they shall be “for yourselves,” (16) you will feel these spiritual achievements as your own and hence work for them with more zeal.

Receiving the Torah is a daily phenomenon, and is not restricted to Shavuos alone. Each day we declare that G‑d is “Nosain HaTorah” (the Giver of the Torah) and use the present tense. This concept is expressed by the statement of our Sages that whenever a Jew learns Torah HaKodesh Baruch Hu, the Divine presence, learns with him, i.e., Divine energy is generated just as if the Torah was being given for the first time. (17)

This understanding of what Torah is will lead to a behavioral pattern of “you shall walk in my laws” (18) — which commentaries explain to mean as you shall labor at Torah study. G‑d in turn will reward such behavior with manifold blessings, as mentioned there in the Torah portion, including and concluding with the greatest blessing of all, the blessing of peace, (as our Sages write, “that peace is balanced against everything”), (19)as the verse continues “you shall dwell in your land and not fear” (20) (which applies wherever a Jew is to be found, particularly in Israel). The blessings continue and include the prophecy of the final redemption, “I will lead you upright to your land” (21) which will be brought about by the Jews’ behavior in the time of Galus. Through his standing upright, meaning, not being affected by the pressures of the outside world or the threats and boasts of the goyim, (which as described in Tehillim, are empty and idle) and developing his connection to G‑d, he is then rewarded with G‑d’s covenant, as expressed in the verse, “I will be your G‑d and you shall be my nation,” (22) and then “Your enemies will flee before you” (23) and “no sword will pass through your land” (24) (even swords of peace). There will be settlement of the entire land of Israel, as was intended, and it will be restored as an eternal inheritance of the Jewish people.

This will occur in the last days of Galus and will be accomplished by the Jew’s dedicated service of laboring in Torah study and in fulfillment of Mitzvos.

This will bring about the Messianic redemption in which “I will bring you upright to your land.” The same concept was echoed in the redemption from Egypt when, even while in Egypt, the Jews felt proud that they were leaving with uplifted hands. So should it be for us, revealed here in this world, in an obviously good manner.

12. This morning we read the portion of “Acharei.” In everything a Jew sees or hears, and how much more so in every Torah concept he comes in contact with, there is a practical lesson in one’s service to G‑d. Hence we can assuredly find a useful lesson with the portion of Acharei.

Since the intent is to find a lesson which is taught by the portion as a whole, not a particular lesson from one of its elements, it is proper to look into the name of the portion, Acharei. The Hebrew name of any object, particularly a portion of the Torah, describes the life force and character of that object. (This concept was explained by the Baal Shem Tov and elaborated on in Tanya. (25)) Therefore, the name Acharei can itself provide us with a valuable lesson.

Yet, Acharei — meaning afterwards, or behind — seems a very secondary point compared to the various different and important spiritual services of Pesach and Nissan, the month of redemption. However, this is precisely indicative of the lesson to be learnt: regardless of the spiritual height that one achieves in his service of G‑d, he has to consider Acharei — what will come afterwards.

The story described in Acharei — the death of the sons of Aharon provides a paradigm. They had reached elevated spiritual levels as the Torah describes; they came close to G‑d, and experienced the oneness of the Holy of Holies. The commentators on the Torah all describe the greatness of Aharon’s sons. Rashi states that they were holier than Mosesand Aharon. (26) The Orach Chaim HaKodesh explains their yearning and passion to cling to G‑d and how it was rewarded with Love, Friendship, and Faithful Trust. However, they did not pay attention to Acharei, the aftermath, and the inevitable consequences of their type of service. In this case, the tragic end is clearly understood by. their deaths and the labeling of the entire episode “The sin of Aharon’s sons.”

13. The same point is brought out in the Yom Kippur service described in the portion. The portion talks about the service of the High Priest on Yom Kippur. The most elevated point in the three aspects of Time, Place, and Soul. In Time, it was Yom Kippur. In Place — the Holy of Holies. In Soul — the High Priest, the most refined of the Jewish people.

Yet, immediately afterwards, the portion speaks about immorality, and the punishment received for various different forbidden relationships.

This paradox is reflected in the ritual of Yom Kippur itself. After the Jew has performed most of the Yom Kippur services — he is fasting, wearing his Kittel, preparing for Minchah, and directly afterwards Neilah, “the ultimate” level of holiness — which Torah portion is read at this time? It is the second half of Acharei, which deals with immorality and forbidden relationships. While a Jew is preparing for the highest spiritual services he is warned, “Do not follow the customs of Egypt and Canaan!”)

This is the point, however, expressed by Acharei. Unless you consider the aftermath, and unless from the onset you plan what will come next, the highest spiritual levels can be followed by the immorality of Egypt and Canaan. By placing the word Acharei as a preface to the entire Sedra, the Torah communicates the necessity of considering the results of one’s actions.

(In communicating the concept in this manner, the Torah reveals its own greatness and infinitude. The ability to relate a profound concept in one word gives us some idea of Torah’s true boundless nature.

This concept has practical application as well. A Jew may look at his Torah behavior, his gifts to Tzedakah, his donning of Tefillin and become disenchanted. He may consider these actions, limited and insignificant, chas v’shalom. Even after he learns their true significance, he may still see them as restrictive and bounded compared to G‑d’s infinity.

However, when he considers that Torah is infinite, and when he understands the blessing he says before putting on the Tefillin — that G‑d has sanctified him with his Mitzvos — and when he realizes that by putting on Tefillin he enters into a boundless relationship with G‑d Himself — his feelings will change.)

Acharei teaches us that regardless of a Jew’s heights in Torah and Mitzvos — be he the High Priest on Yom Kippur, he still has to think ‘Acharei’ — what will come next. Furthermore, since a Jew should be constantly in a state of progress, “You should proceed from strength to strength,” (27) it follows that with each step forward, his acharei, consideration of the consequences, also changes.11

This is not an abstract concept, but a practical one. And though, perhaps, seemingly difficult, still every command in the Torah is within man’s potential — (as G‑d would not give a command which could not be carried out). Through this course of behavior, we will enjoy a happy summer and healthy summer, experience true freedom (which comes about through true service of Torah) and will bring about speedily in our days, the coming of Mashiach, May he come and redeem us.

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